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IELTS Preparation Series 1, Episode 1: Electronic Crime

September 3, 2016

 

(Bấm vào đây để xem/nghe bài kế tiếp)

 

Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

 

0:02

Hello.

0:13

I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:19

In this series, we look at the skills you'll need to write formal, academic English, and

0:25

you'll have the chance to listen to people talking about topics you'll find at colleges

0:29

and universities.

0:31

In today's episode were going to hear someone talking about a new type of crime - electronic

0:37

crime.

0:37

Listen carefully to this police officer.

0:41

Then we're going to look at word families, and do some spelling.

0:46

It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically,

0:52

and via computers and the internet, but there are also new crime types emerging.

0:56

Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types.

1:01

You can imagine stalking offences that may be facilitated via email, harassment, threatening

1:09

emails, small-scale fraud offences, right up through to large-scale frauds committed

1:17

via the internet.

1:17

OK, so let's have a closer look at that clip.

1:22

We're going to focus on vocabulary building, and word groups, but first, listen again to

1:28

this sentence. See if you can hear the keyword, the main

1:33

subject of the sentence.

1:36

It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically,

1:43

and via computers and the internet.

1:45

He says there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically.

1:52

The keyword is crime. That's what the sentence is about.

1:57

Crime is a noun.

1:59

We say that a crime is committed, or done.

2:03

To commit a crime is to do something illegal.

2:06

Let's have a closer look at the word crime.

2:11

In English, many words can change to have different uses. In this way, they form word

2:17

groups.

2:19

Learning words groups is an excellent way to build your vocabulary.

2:24

You should write them down in a table like this showing adjectives, nouns, verbs, and

2:31

adverbs.

2:33

Of course, there are often at least 2 different sorts of nouns - nouns for things, and nouns

2:39

for people.

2:39

Let's have a look at the crime word group.

2:44

Crime is a noun. It's a thing.

2:48

A criminal is a person who commits a crime.

2:51

Criminal is also the adjective. We can describe something by using the word

2:58

criminal before the noun. That was a criminal act.

3:04

And we have the adverb criminally. To behave criminally is to behave in an illegal

3:10

way.

3:11

There's no verb from crime. We have to use the phrase to commit a crime.

3:17

OK. Well come back to our table a bit later.

3:21

Right now, listen to what sort of crimes are being committed these days - and listen for

3:27

an -ly adverb.

3:29

It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically,

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and via computers and the internet.

3:37

He says there are old forms of crime being committed electronically.

3:42

Electronically is an adverb. It means in an electronic way, or using electronics.

3:49

Electronics is the study of electricity and the things that use electricity.

3:55

Listen to the way electronic is used here

4:01

It is a new frontier, and there are old, traditional forms of crime being committed electronically,

4:08

and via computers and the internet, but there are also new crime types emerging.

4:13

Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types.

4:16

Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types.

4:23

He uses the phrases electronic crime, and committed electronically.

4:30

Notice that electronic, the adjective, comes before the noun crime, but that the adverb

4:38

electronically comes after the verb committed.

4:42

Let's look at the table again. We have electronic the adjective, electronically

4:49

the adverb, and electronics, the noun.

4:52

You'll notice that not all words take all these different forms. But where they do exist,

4:59

you will be able to see patterns emerging.

5:02

For example look at the adverbs criminally and electronically.

5:06

They both end in -l-y, -ly.

5:13

OK, so we've looked at electronic and its word family.

5:19

These days, electronic is often used to mean relating to computers, or new technologies.

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It sometimes gets shortened to e.

5:29

We have e-mail: electronic mail, e-business, electronic business.

5:35

So we could call these electronic crimes e-crimes: crimes committed using computers and the internet.

5:43

But what sorts of e-crimes are being committed? Listen for the two main types of crimes that

5:49

he mentions.

5:52

Electronic crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types.

5:57

You can imagine stalking offences that may be facilitated via email, harassment, threatening

6:04

emails, small-scale fraud offences, right up through to large-scale frauds committed

6:12

via the internet.

6:14

He mentions two main types of crimes: stalking offences and fraud offences.

6:21

An offence is another word for a crime.

6:25

Notice how you can build your vocabulary by looking at words on a theme.

6:30

An offence is a crime, and offenders are criminals.

6:36

But look at some other crime words. We've got robbery and robbers, burglary and burglars.

6:44

And there are lots more - you should try to learn words in themes like this. See how many

6:50

words you can find for different types of crimes and criminals.

6:53

OK, now let's have a quick look at some spelling.

7:01

Spelling is very important in formal writing, but English spelling is very difficult. They're

7:07

aren't too many rules, and most of them can be broken.

7:12

Notice that many words can have doubled letters, but you can't tell by just listening to the

7:16

words.

7:18

In today's story we've seen the words committed, electronically, different, cross,

7:26

harassment and offences.

7:30

They have all got doubled letters.

7:32

There aren't really any rules for spelling these words - you have to learn them all one

7:37

by one.

7:38

When you come across new words, try writing them down a few times, and spelling them out

7:45

loud.

7:45

Notice in Australia and England, we spell doubled letters out by saying the word double

7:51

before them. Double f, double s.

7:55

But in the United States, they just say the letter twice - f-f, s-s. So you can choose

8:04

either way, but you should learn to recognise both.

8:08

Listen to this: Different: d-i-f-f-e-r-e-n-t, different

8:20

Harassment: h-a-r-a-s-s-m-e-n-t, harassment

8:28

Electronically: e-l-e-c-t-r-o-n-i-c-a-l-l-y, electronically

8:42

Notice that even though English spelling can be very difficult, it's very important to

8:47

make sure you spell words correctly.

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It makes your writing look bad if you misspell words in essays.

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So you'll need to work hard at it!

8:56

So our lessons for today are: write down new words you find.

9:01

Check the spelling in a dictionary, to make sure you've spelt them correctly.

9:04

See if you can find other words that belong to the same family - can the word be used

9:10

as a noun or verb?

9:13

Write all the word forms in your word family table.

9:17

Don't forget that it's very useful to keep your words listed according to topics - like

9:22

crime words, or business words, or computer words.

9:27

And that's all we've got time for today.

9:29

I'll see you for the next episode of Study English! Bye

9:46

bye.

 

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