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How to get a high score on Task 1 of the IELTS

September 4, 2016

 

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hi I'm Emma and today we are going to be talking about

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task one of the writing module for the IELTS so again this is task one for the

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writing module of the else

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so a lot of you may not know what happens in the writing section of the

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IELTS so I it's in two parts the first part is going to be something about

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maybe a graph a diagram is up to something to do with having to write a

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report to describe what you see visually the second part is an essay so we're

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going to be talking about the first part today

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ok so the first thing to know is that you're going to have about 20 minutes to

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do task 1 i'm so this is not a lot of time and it's going to be very important

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for you to practices before you actually go into the IELTS task when you have to

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write about a hundred and fifty words describing either a graph a chart a

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table a diagram or of a flow chart you will be marked on four different things

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in this task

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so if it isn't something to keep in mind you're going to be marked on your usage

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of vocabulary

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if you use vocabulary correctly and if you use a lot of different vocabulary

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you're going to be marked on grammar you're going to be marked on your

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ability to do what they ask

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so for example you need to write a hundred and fifty words for this task

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if you write a hundred and twenty words for this task then you didn't really

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meet the task requirements

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and finally you're going to be marked on coherence

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so do do you have in your answer and introduction and conclusion

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do you use words like first of all secondly in conclusion

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so again they're there for different things are going to be marked on

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vocabulary grammar coherence and your ability to do what is asked of you

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so your ability to meet the task requirements ok so let's get started

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so this specific lesson is going to focus a lot on vocabulary

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what sorts of words can you use in this task that will help you to get the the

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top mark you can

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all right let's get started so like I said before in this task you're going to

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have to describe what you see this may be a bar chart or a bar graph so this is

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what is known as a

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bar graph

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you might have to describe something like that you may have to describe a

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line graph the line

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this one is a line graph this one that looks like a pizza

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this is called a pie chart so another thing that you might see on task one is

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a pie charge so we have a bar graph a line graph pie chart

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sometimes you may see two of these you may have to describe a pie chart and a

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line graph or a bar graph and a pie chart

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you may also have to if you don't get one of these

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you may get what is called a flowchart

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so a flow chart shows how something is organized so usually it shows different

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steps so this might be step one

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this might be step two step three so it's a way to show a process in to

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organize information you might get something like this which is a flowchart

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or you may get a table

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so this is just an example of a table

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and depending on which one you get you're going to be using a different

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type of vocabulary so there's specific words to use when you're talking about a

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bar graph there are different words to use with flow charts with tables today

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we're really going to focus on bar graphs and line graphs

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all right let's get started

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ok so now what we are going to do is talk about how to write your

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introduction and vocabulary

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you can use in your introduction for this part of the IELTS so when you

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present a graph

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I like i said before you should have an introduction the body of what you're

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going to say and a conclusion

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this is going to affect your coherence marks so you want to have an

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introduction body and conclusion it's very important

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so a lot of students when they first see i'll just ask one in the academic

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version of the IELTS they get really nervous

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they don't know how to start off what they're going to say how do you start

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off describing a graph

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so what I'm going to talk about now is an easy introductory sentence

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you can use in order to explain your graph

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so I have the sentence this line graph so here's an example again of a line

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graph shows the changes in sales between 1990 and 1996

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so this is just an example now if I got a bar graph just change this word this

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bar graph

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I could also say this pie chart this table

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this flow chart so whatever of image you get you can use this plus the type of

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chart it is or the type of figure it is if it's a table if it's a flowchart if

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it's a diagram so this diagram this pie chart this bar graph

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this is almost like a mathematical formula

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just imagine this Plus this Plus this Plus this equals your introduction your

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first sentence in your introduction

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so this bar graph and now we have a verb

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so shows is good what else could you use

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well you could use represents this pie chart represents you could use this pie

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chart demonstrates this bar graph illustrates if you're doing it

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Abel you could say this table lists like this

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so what you want is you want a verb similar to these shows demonstrates

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represents illustrates these are all really good

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verbs to use for your introduction for the first sentence of your introduction

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so this bar graph demonstrates here we have a specific example the changes in

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sales

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oftentimes you'll be looking at changes in sales so for example here in this

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graph we have on this is known as the x-axis so x axis this is just some more

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terminology of graphs so on RX access we see years 1990 1994 1996

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so we're talking about time you may not see something like this but there's a

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good chance you might get a graph that shows time on your x axis this is known

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as the Y access

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so why

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and in this example on the y-axis is sales in millions of dollars so have 300

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million two hundred million 100 million you may get something completely

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different than this this is just an example

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so I'm here so this

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and again this is a line graph demonstrates the changes in sales so if

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you get a different type of graph in this section you just write what it is

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so you write the topic you're talking about this pie graph demonstrates the

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differences between men and women in terms of further education just an

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example

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so whatever your topic is or incidence of disease in some land

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that's another example there might be an incidence prevalence so whatever your

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topic is right here

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so this graph

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demonstrates blank and in the last section you should write sort of the

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date

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whatever they're showing so if you're looking at years which is a good chance

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he will be here you would you could say between 1992 1996

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this was different maybe if we were looking at 2,000

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- 2010 you could say this bar graph demonstrates incidents of whatever over

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a 10-year period

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so again you can have between the state and this date from

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have a year from 1992

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these are just different ways to show time which will be located on the excess

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excess sorry

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ok so again what you want to include in your introduction is first the type of

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graph it is it a pie chart a bar graph you want a verb such as demonstrates

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shows you want to say what the topic you're looking at is and you want to

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talk about the dates

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well what are you looking at exactly two thousand - 2010

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so the boot this is how you should start off your introductory sentence

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ok so we've talked a little bit about what your first sentence for this test

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can be there are there are other ways to do it but the way I showed you is a

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great formula

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that's easy to remember and that will really help you with vocabulary marks

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and coherence

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so right now what we're going to focus on is some key terms key vocabulary

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you can use when describing movement of a graph or a line of our graph or line

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line graph

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ok so let's get started so usually when we look at grass

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there are three different patterns we might see three different trends we may

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see an upward trend where it goes up we may see a downward trend or we may see

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it remaining stable so you may see multiple translated a graph so for

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example graph might have an upward trend reach a peak then

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then we're kind or maybe the downward 10 first it goes up a bit and then it

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becomes stable but how do we talk about describing movement

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what are some key words we can use so what we're talking about a upward trend

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some of the words we can use

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I'll talk about verbs first we can use increase so we can call this in

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increase we can say it went up and say it climbed it jumped it rose

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so notice when we're talking about describing movement on the IELTS the

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verbs we use these are all verbs

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what tense today and if you said simple pastor correct

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you want to be using a simple past when you're describing movement for IELTS

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task one so we can say if this was talking about sales for example so we

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look at that example before sales and this is years so we have maybe 2000 -

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2010 gets a sales rose sales increased sales went up sales climbed sales jump

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and then we would usually say between two thousand and two thousand ten

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so this is talking about the the verbs but we can also turn this into now so

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rise the noun form of of sorry Rose is a rise

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so for example there was a rise in two thousand we could say there was a and

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increase so this is one way to do it

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I'm so if we have been down here if we decided to use it in a verbal form we

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could say

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sales rose between two thousand and two thousand ten ok so we looked at when it

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goes up when trends go upward

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what about downward trends what are some of the words we use with that

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so we'll start off with verbs we can talk about a decline sales declined

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you can say decreased

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and again

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simple past we can say went down we can say dropped we could say plummeted

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if it's a very steep drop

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oh ok so we can say sales plummeted and we can also say so we have declined

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decreased went down dropped limited finally slump

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so these are all ways to say it went to the arrow down

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so again these are all burbs

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so we could write it here sales decreased between two thousand and two

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thousand ten sales went down between 2000 and 2010

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if we decide to use a noun decline

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we can say I decline

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we can say a decrease a drop a slump

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so many of these also have a noun form so there was a a decline say a decrease

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in a slump

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and so when it's important to note that

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so here is what we're using the noun here is what we are using the verb

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when we use the noun remember it's there was a decrease of rise

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whatever in here we can actually write the topic and sales or whatever your

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topic is between and then we have a date or if we use the verbal form you have

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the topic sales verb and the date again

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ok so finally the third trend when nothing happens

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we can say it remains steady

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you can also say it remains stable remains stable

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it remains steady we can also call this a plateau plateau

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ok so there was no sorry

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sales remained steady between 2000-2010 sales remained stable

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there was a plateau and sales between two thousand and two thousand ten ok so

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again when you do this part of the task

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you don't want to reuse the same words again and again and again it for the

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whole time you're describing the movement you use when up multiple times

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the the sales went up and then they went down and then they went up again and

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then they went down again

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the examiner is going to give you low marks on your usage of vocabulary

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they want to see variety so try to memorize

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you don't have to memorize all of these choose a couple maybe use increased

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maybe use rose decreased dropped remain steady

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I one thing I wanted to say as well with plummeted