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A lot, alot, lots, allot

September 5, 2016

 

(Bấm vào đây để chọn bài học kế tiếp)

 

Xem lời thoại dưới đây:

 

0:02

hi my name is Emma and today's lesson is on a very very common grammar and

0:09

vocabulary mistake

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so this is a mistake that both ESL students and native English speakers

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make so we are going to look at the words a lot a lot a lot and lots and

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also one more

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that's not in the title a whole lot ok so i hope you get a whole lot from this

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lesson

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so let's begin I'm so first we're going to cover the word a lot and notice that

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all of these words have the same pronunciation

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I just different spelling so a lot a lot is the same thing as a large number of

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it can mean many much so it just means a big number

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it can also mean often but we'll get to that in a second

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let's look at the first sentence i have furniture

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so if i have a large number of furniture

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great a lot i have a lot

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furniture is this correct

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there's something I'm missing oh now this is one of the major mistakes

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ESL students make they always forget the of with a lot so when you have a noun

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like furniture or books you need this

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so remember a lot of something

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ok now the word furniture is what is called an uncountable noun

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so this means we never have an S at the end of furniture

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it's never

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miniatures it's always furniture whether you have a lot or a little

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it's always furniture so it whereas book is a countable noun

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you look we have an s on any time we use a lot

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we need to pluralize if it's a countable mountain so we have other videos on non

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count and count nouns which you can watch if this confuses you

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but the main point is that if you're using a non-count noun

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you don't need an S with a lot of if it's a countdown

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you do need an S ok so I have a lot of books i have a lot of furniture

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I have a lot of friends I have a lot of cats so it just means a big number

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now the second way we use a lot is after a verb

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so in this case we are describing the verb to have a sentence I swim a lot

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this just means i swim often so in this case the word a lot really just means

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often i read often

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I drink tea often i paint

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well not often but i would like to paint more so I'd like to paint often i'd like

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to paint a lot

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so one thing that you can also do is we have the word here a lot a whole lot and

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lots

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how do these words come into our whole equation

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let's first start with a lot now in this case a lot

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it might look like this but in this case there's a space here

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I and with this a lot there's no space

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a lot of people accidentally right this way right

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I have a lot

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this is always wrong there always has to be a space here

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if you don't see the space this is definitely incorrect

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now we also have the word a whole lot a whole lot

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all we've done is we've taken a lot and in the middle

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we've added the word whole a whole lot just gives a greater emphasis to

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something

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so whereas before I have a lot of furniture

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if I say I have a whole lot of furniture that means even more so it's just a way

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to emphasize that you have you have a lot a very big emphasis on a lot i have

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a whole lot of books i have a whole lot of cats

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that's not true i'm not a cat lady but I have a whole lot of my network so that

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these are just some examples for a whole lot we can also use it with a verb

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I swim a lot means I swim often I swim a whole lot means I swim very often so

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again it's just used for emphasis

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and finally lots

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so on a lot of the England comments I get I'm asked about once you look to use

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sorry

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when to use lots and when to use a lot so the truth is these words mean the

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same thing

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it's just lots is in formal wear as a lot is a little bit more formal

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so you can use either the Lots is again

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informal so in this example I have a lot of furniture

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it's also ok bye say lots again

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I need out that I have a lot of furniture or I have lots of furniture

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they mean the same thing I have a lot of books i have lots of books

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so again it means the exact same thing just a little bit informal and remember

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just like a lot

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if you have a noun following it you need up

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so this is something do not forget I better not see this mistake in your

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comments

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keep this in mind lots of ok so next we are going to explain the word a lot

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so this is our verb a lot so it's pronounced the exact same way again as

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what we just looked at

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but notice the spelling this is one word

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so there's no space and we have 2 l's instead of one

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so to a lot again it's a verb and it means to assign divide or distribute

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so what do I mean by a sign divide or distribute

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well let's go through some examples to make this a little clearer so my first

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example she allotted five pieces of chocolate to me and to to you

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so again it's past tense I've doubled up the T's and this means i have seven

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pieces of candy or seven pieces of chocolate

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how do i divide it up or sorry she has seven pieces of chocolate

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how does she divided up while she gives five pieces of chocolate to you and she

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gives two pieces of chocolate to me

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so think about dividing how do you split things up

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how do you distribute things who gets what this is what we mean by a lot in my

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second example

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I a lot most of my time to teaching English so I'm in a day there are 24

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hours

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how do you a lot your time maybe you a lot

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eight hours to sleep

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a lot of people think that maybe you only a lot 5 hours maybe you a lot

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eight hours to working in some countries they a lot maybe 10 hours to working

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so in this case we're talking about the way we divide or a sign or distribute

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our time

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so that's what the word a lot mean in this case with Double L

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so now what we're going to do is we're going to do some practice questions to

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see if you really you really notice the difference between a lot a lot a lot

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lots and a whole lot so I can't have here beside me a list of questions

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now you'll notice that each question has a blank

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so what I want us to do together is to solve these questions

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so take a moment after each each question after i read it to try to solve

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it yourself

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now the answer is either going to be a lot a lot a lot lots and if you want a

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whole lot for some of these questions

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there are multiple answers which means I maybe you can use a lot and lots

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there are different ways to be correct with the question so let's get started

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the number one I have blank of things to do today because I

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do you think it's a lot a lot a lot a lot the answer is a lot i have a lot of

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things to do today

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for those of you who said lots

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that's also correct and we could have also said a whole lot

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notice there's no as here so three possible answers for this question I

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have a wat lots a whole lot

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main thing to remember as well regardless of which one you choose

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we need of a number too so it first sorry for number one

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it was not a lot or a lot with no space number two

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I need two more money to my bills which one do you think it is

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I need two more money to my bills in this case there's only one correct

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answer a lot in this case it's the verb

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I need to a lot more money to my bills

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meaning i have a lot of money or maybe not a lot but I have some money and some

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of my money has to be divided towards my bills while other money

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I used for other things so it's dividing your money up

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you need to put more money towards your bills okay number three

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each speaker was ten minutes each speaker was ten minutes

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so what do you think it is

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each speaker was allotted ten minutes

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so again the verb a lot

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so each speaker was a lot of 10 minutes means out of all the time they had for

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maybe a presentation or event they distributed the time up among all the

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speakers

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so each speaker got 10 minutes so the way to divide the time

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ok number four he writes poetry writes poetry which one do you think it is

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well of course you know it's a lodge which a lot

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they're all pronounced the same a lot with a space now when it comes after a

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verb

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you don't need the of we only use the of if there is a noun

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so there's no noun we just have the verb a lot and in this case it means often he

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writes poetry

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often he writes poetry a lot now for those male viewers who are watching

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women love this

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so write poetry a lot i recommend that

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ok so we've gone through a lot a lot a lot lots

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the main one to remember this is always wrong

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and so for more practice for a i know i've set a watch a lot today for more

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practice for these i welcome you to visit our website at www.engvid.com we

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have a test to practice these and and make sure you have a full grasp on these

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words so until next time take care

 

 

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