Please reload

Bài viết mới

Giới thiệu trang web quyhocbongttls.org

1/1
Please reload

Learn English through Shakespeare is everywhere | Christopher Gaze

September 5, 2016

 

(Bấm vào đây để chọn bài học kế tiếp)

 

0:08

Hello.

0:11

You've been eating Pop-Tarts.

0:14

(Laughter)

0:16

I resisted. It looks fantastic though.

0:20

Well now, what a day we're having, absolutely inspirational, fantastic.

0:25

I saw Romeo Dallaire remark on these geese earlier on,

0:32

and I considered these geese, Canada geese.

0:35

They're all over the world, you know.

0:38

(Laughter)

0:40

They're taking over the world. A bit like Shakespeare.

0:46

Shakespeare surrounds us.

0:50

The Shakespeare we're enormously familiar with,

0:53

but the Shakespeare that we know and we don't know.

0:58

And of course, every day, we're quoting Shakespeare but we don't know it.

1:04

Shakespeare – We don't know a great deal about the man.

1:08

What we know about him is generally through his works.

1:12

He was a man, just like you and me,

1:16

he lived his life, felt great joy and great sadness,

1:20

tremendous success and great tragedy.

1:25

In Canada – talk about Shakespeare surrounding us –

1:30

we have the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in Ontario,

1:33

that's the biggest theatre festival, I might add, in North America.

1:38

We have... that's right!

1:41

(Applause)

1:43

We have Bard on the Beach Shakespeare here in Vancouver.

1:46

We've got Shakespeare festivals in between. In America,

1:48

Americans love their Shakespeare,

1:50

they have Ashland, Oregon,

1:51

lots of Shakespeare's festivals through America.

1:54

You have The Globe in London,

1:56

and, of course, The Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon.

2:02

So, Shakespeare is alive and well, but since you leapt out of bed this morning,

2:08

and you've had this wonderful day here,

2:11

I'm sure most of you are very much unaware

2:14

that you've been quoting Shakespeare all day.

2:18

Let me give you a bunch of examples.

2:22

First of all, I want you to do something for a change.

2:26

When I point at you and beckon you on,

2:28

I want you to say, "Quoting Shakespeare".

2:32

Now, come on, with all that energy from the Pop-Tarts,

2:35

give it a go.

2:36

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

2:38

That's pretty good. Once more, even louder

2:41

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

2:43

If you cannot understand my argument and declare, "It's Greek to me", you are...

2:49

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

2:51

If you claim to be, "More sinned against than sinning", you are...

2:55

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

2:57

If you, "Recall your salad days", you are...

3:00

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

3:03

If you act more in sorrow than in anger, if your wish is father to the thought,

3:08

if your lost property has vanished into thin air, you are...

3:12

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

3:14

If you've ever refused to budge an inch or suffered from green-eyed jealousy,

3:19

if you've been played fast and loose, been tongue-tied, a tower of strength,

3:24

hoodwinked or in a pickle,

3:26

if you have knitted your brows, made a virtue of necessity,

3:30

insisted on fair play, slept not one wink,

3:35

stood on ceremony, danced attendance on your lord and master,

3:40

laughed yourself into stitches, had short shrift, cold comfort

3:46

or too much of a good thing.

3:49

If you've seen better days or lived in a fool's paradise,

3:53

why, be that as it may, the more fool you,

3:56

for it is a foregone conclusion that you are,

3:59

as good luck would have it...

4:01

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

4:02

If you think it is early days and clear out bag and baggage,

4:06

if you think it is high time

4:07

and that that is the long and the short of it, if you believe that the game is up

4:13

and that truth will out even if it involves your own flesh and blood,

4:17

if you lie low till the crack of doom because you suspect foul play,

4:23

if you have your teeth set on edge at one fell swoop without rhyme or reason,

4:28

then, to give the devil his due,

4:31

if the truth were known -- for surely you have a tongue in your head, you are...

4:36

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

4:38

Even if you bid me good riddance and send me packing,

4:42

if you wish I was as dead as a door-nail,

4:46

if you think I am an eyesore, a laughing stock, the devil incarnate,

4:51

a stony-hearted villain, bloody-minded or a blinking idiot, then, by Jove!

4:58

O Lord! Tut, tut! For goodness' sake! What the dickens!

5:03

But me no buts - it's all one to me, for you are...

5:06

Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

5:09

There you are.

5:10

(Applause)

5:20

So, Shakespeare surrounds us.

5:24

Let's look at the private man that I alluded to a moment ago.

5:31

The private man,

5:34

the playwright in London, the producer, the actor.

5:42

There's a gorgeous little sonnet. A sonnet is a 14 line poem,

5:47

and Shakespeare wrote over 150 of those.

5:52

And this particular one – it's perhaps one of the best known pieces of poetry,

5:59

I think, probably in the world –

6:00

"Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day".

6:04

Now generally this little piece of poetry

6:07

is said, or recited, or written down, for great occasions,

6:15

weddings, birthdays, celebrations.

6:19

But there's a theory that in fact, nestling inside this poetry,

6:24

if you think of it another way, Shakespeare, we didn't know,

6:27

and the mystery that surrounds all that,

6:31

that in fact, this little sonnet was a eulogy.

6:38

Shakespeare had 3 children, one of them was a son.

6:44

His little boy was called Hamnet,

6:47

not Hamlet, this one is H-A-M-N-E-T.

6:51

The other one H-A-M-L-E-T is a very good play he wrote. (Laughter)

6:57

But his son was called Hamnet

7:00

and he got word, when he was working away in London,

7:04

that Hamnet was very sick.

7:08

Now, here's the man, the man like you and me,

7:12

living his life and now crisis hits.

7:19

And of course he has to go. He has to go from London.

7:22

If we were to drive from central London to Stratford-upon-Avon now,

7:29

where his family were, that would probably take us, if we had a good run, a little over 90 minutes.

7:34

But in those days, it was 3 days!

7:38

So, Shakespeare took off and he got there,

7:43

and when he got to Stratford,

7:45

he was met by his family

7:47

and he found out that his son was dead, buried.

7:54

There was nothing left to do.

7:58

But, what could he do apart from comfort his family?

8:02

But to survive it, what was he going to do?

8:06

You imagine the heartache.

8:10

I like to imagine that perhaps, after everyone had gone to bed,

8:15

he stayed up, with a candle and his quill pen.

8:22

And he wrote and he did what Shakespeare could do best of all.

8:28

Through words, he could express his feelings.

8:33

And I like to think he wrote this little poem "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day",

8:38

and he talks about eternity in the poem,

8:40

and as long as men can breathe and eyes can see, this lives forever.

8:44

That this froze little Hamnet in time in his mind,

8:49

to be an immortal in Shakespeare's lifetime.

8:54

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

8:58

Thou art more lovely and more temperate.

9:03

Rough winds do break the darling buds of May,

9:07

And summer's lease hath all too short a date.

9:12

Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,

9:16

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

9:21

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

9:24

By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed;

9:31

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

9:38

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

9:43

Nor shall Death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,

9:47

When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st.

9:53

So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

10:01

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

10:11

A eulogy? I don't know. It's beautiful.

10:16

There's a mystery about it, as there is about so much of Shakespeare,

10:22

and I think that's part of the magic of it all.

10:27

Now is the winter of our discontent.

10:32

How is the winter of our discontent?

10:35

My goodness gracious! Look at Europe right now.

10:41

Occupy Wall Street, occupy everywhere else...

10:47

(Laughter)

10:50

Well, it sounds positively Shakespearean,

10:56

but in times like this,

11:00

when there's so much going on in the world,

11:04

and it's all so deeply complicated,

11:06

this is a time, I think, that if we could skip back, skip forward 400 years

11:10

that Shakespeare would thrive.

11:14

This is a time for great initiative, great inspiration, great leadership.

11:20

This is time for heroes, I think, to help to show us the way.

11:27

Shakespeare was rich in heroes too.

11:31

Look at Henry V – We few, we happy few, we band of brothers.

11:36

Wonderful stuff. And then,

11:40

"Now is the winter of our discontent." Who was that?

11:43

Richard, Duke of Gloucester. It's the opening line of Richard III.

11:47

Richard III, what does he want?

11:51

He wants trouble. He wants trouble and he doesn't care.

11:55

He's willing to risk everything. Talk about being bold!

12:00

His elder brother is the king, there's another brother in between.

12:04

The king, he has two prince sons. So Richard, Duke of Gloucester,

12:08

the younger brother, is never going to be king!

12:10

Not unless something fantastic happens.

12:14

But he's gonna force that. And he tells us all about it.

12:18

of the top of Richard III, malevolent, dangerous,

12:25

but nevertheless, we as an audience,

12:28

he seduces us,

12:31

we become complicit in his dreadful plans.

12:37

And it's the most extraordinary feeling, sitting in the audience watching him,

12:41

Richard, lay waste to all these people, and sitting there thinking,

12:46

"Yes! Yes! Yes!" It's an awful feeling.

12:50

(Laughter)

12:52

Richard III, deformed, as he calls himself.

12:57

The traditional withered left side, the crook back,

13:02

"Now is the winter of our discontent.

13:05

Made glorious summer by this son of York;

13:12

And all the clouds that low'r'd upon our house.

13:16

In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.

13:22

Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths;

13:25

Our bruised arms hung up for monuments;

13:27

Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings,

13:31

Our dreadful marches to delightful measures.

13:38

Grim-visaged war hath smooth'd his wrinkled front;

13:43

And now, instead of mounting barbed steeds

13:46

To fright the souls of fearful adversaries,

13:49

He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber

13:55

To the lascivious pleasings of a lute.

14:01

But I, that am not shaped for sportive tricks,

14:06

Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass;

14:10

I, that am rudely stamp'd, and want love's majesty

14:16

To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;

14:20

I, that am curtail'd of this fair proportion,

14:24

Cheated of feature by dissembling nature,

14:29

Deformed, unfinish'd, sent before my time

14:36

Into this breathing world, scarce half made up,

14:40

And that so lamely and unfashionable

14:42

That dogs bark at me as I halt by them;

14:47

And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover,