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University English: Expressions and Vocabulary

September 5, 2016

 

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0:00

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to teach you some very, very useful

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verbs we use when we talk about university. Okay? So if you're going to university, if

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you're taking the TOEFL test or the IELTS test, these words are very, very important,

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because they're very common and we use them all the time.

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So, to teach you these verbs, I've decided to tell you a true story about a friend of

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mine. My friend's name is Paul, and I'm going to tell you all about his university experience.

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While I tell you this story, it can help you if you imagine it in your head. Whenever you're

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learning new vocabulary, the more you can visualize or make a mental picture of the

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words you're learning, the easier it will be to remember them. Okay? And, if my friend,

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Paul, is watching this, I'm sorry, Paul. I'm telling some stories about you, maybe a little

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personal, so I apologize in advance.

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Okay, so let's get started about Paul's life and problems at university. All right, so

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the first verb I'm going to teach you is "enroll". "Enroll" or "sign up for". These mean the

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same thing and it's where... When you decide to go to university, you enroll in a class

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or you enroll in multiple classes. Paul enrolled in four classes. The class we're going to

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be focused on, though, is Psychology 100. Paul enrolls in Psychology 100. Okay? I can

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also say: "Paul signs up for Psychology 100." So this means he's decided to take Psychology

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100, and he's told the university, so now he's in the class. He's enrolled.

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So, Paul, at first, was a very good student. He studied very hard. Okay? If you study hard,

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it means you "hit the books". "Hit the books" means "study hard". So, after Paul enrolled

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in Psych 100, Paul hit the books. Every night he went, he opened his book, and he studied.

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He hit the books.

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Then, the professor, the prof "hands out the assignment". So this means the professor of

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Psych 100, he gave Paul an assignment. "Here, Paul, I want you to write this essay." Okay?

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So the prof hands out an assignment. Okay? So the prof gives you work.

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So, after the prof hands out the assignment, Paul is very stressed. You know, he can't

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think about the assignment, he's too stressed out about it, so he ends up partying, he,

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you know, has fun. And then the assignment comes due, which means he has to give the

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assignment in, imagine on a Thursday. The night before the assignment is due, Paul decides

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to "pull an all-nighter". "Pull an all-nighter" means you stay up all night to finish something.

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So, for Paul, he did not have his assignment ready. It was not completed, so in order to

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get it finished, Paul stayed up all night working on it. So, at 3am, Paul was working

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at his... On his assignment. At 6am, Paul was working on his assignment. Well, Paul

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finished his assignment because he pulled an all-nighter.

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So the next day, he goes to class, and guess what he does? He has his assignment, he's

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very happy he's finished, he "hands in his assignment". So Paul gives his assignment

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to the professor. Paul hands in his assignment. We can also use the word "paper". "Paper"

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is another word for "essay". So, in Psych 100, Paul had to write an essay. We can say:

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"Paul wrote a paper", and he handed it in.

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So, if you... If we go back a couple steps, the professor hands out something. So, the

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prof hands out. The student hands in. Okay?

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So what happens to Paul next? Well, Paul got a really good mark on his paper, somehow.

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Paul got an A+, he's really happy, everything's going great. And then he starts thinking:

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"You know, instead of going to psych classes, instead of going to psychology classes, I

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have more fun going to..." I think he used to go to the pub sometimes, like the bar with

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his friends. So he started to "skip class". Paul did not go to class. What he did was...

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Instead of going to class, he "cut class" or he "skipped class". Okay? So, Paul cuts

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class, he skips class. This means he's not in class. He should be in class, but instead,

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he's at the bar with his friends having fun, and the class is happening; Paul is not there.

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All right?

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So, again, these are the verbs I want you to really learn: "enroll", "sign up for",

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"hit the books", "hand out", "hand out an assignment", "pull an all-nighter", "hand in"

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or "hand in a paper" or "assignment", and "cut/skip class". All right? So, now,

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I am going to tell you about what happened to Paul because he started to cut class.

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So, what happens next? The next verb I want to teach you: "fall behind in". "Fall behind"...

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When you fall behind in something, it means that everybody is over here, and you're behind.

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You can't get caught up. So, for example, Paul, because he was partying, he was cutting

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class, he skipped class, he missed all these classes so Paul had no idea what was happening

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in class. Every week he's supposed to read a certain amount. He didn't do any of his

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readings. So, he fell behind. So there's too much work for him to do. Everybody is over

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here. Paul is behind, and he's trying to... He's behind everybody. So Paul falls behind

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in Psych 100. This is really bad at university.

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So what does Paul do when he falls behind? He thinks: "Oh no. I'm behind on my readings.

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I'm behind on my assignments." He starts to go to class, and he starts to get advice,

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he starts to become a better student. He hits the books again. So, because of his effort,

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a nice thing happens: he gets "caught up". So if you fall behind, when you get back to

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where you should be, you get caught up. So imagine if I'm sick and I miss school for

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a day, when I get to school, I'll ask my friends: "What did I miss?" My friends will help me

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get caught up, so they'll tell me what I missed so we are all at the same level. Okay? So

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we're no longer behind. If you get caught up, you're at the same level as everybody else.

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So, Paul got caught up. He tried really hard, he hit the books, he got caught up, but then

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he started to skip class again, and he started to cut class again. He stopped doing his assignments,

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he stopped doing his homework, and what happened? He fell behind again. Okay? So now Paul is

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back in a bit of a problem; in a difficult situation. So there's a couple of things Paul

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can do now. He can leave the course. Okay? So this means he can quit the course. He can

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quit Psych 100, no more Psych 100. Good bye. He's not going to do it anymore. We call this

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"withdraw from the course". Okay? We can also call this "drop a course". So this means when

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you leave a course before you finish it. You drop out, you quit the course.

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Paul doesn't want to withdraw from the course. Paul doesn't want to drop Psych 100. So these

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two things mean the same thing. He doesn't want to. He thinks: "You know what? I've done

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it once before. I've tried. I can get caught up again. I fell behind before, I got caught

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up. I've fallen behind again, I can get caught up again."

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But the problem is Paul is a little bit of a lazy student. So instead of doing what he

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should, Paul does something a little bad. Not a little bad; very bad. I didn't mean

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to say that. As a teacher, very, very bad. Paul "plagiarizes". "Plagiarize". "Plagiarize"

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is when you don't do the work, you get somebody else to do the work. So, for example, Paul

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gives money to somebody else to write his paper. Or, Paul reads a book, and he writes

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exactly what the book says. This is plagiarism. Okay? So, if you plagiarize, you don't do

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your own work; you copy somebody else, either their words, their ideas. You copy somebody

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else, or you pay somebody to do your work for you. That's plagiarism. So it means it's

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not your work.

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So what does Paul do? Paul's stressed. He decides to plagiarize his paper. And again,

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"paper" means "essay". So Paul does not write the paper. In this case, he gives... I think

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he copied an essay from the internet, he bought an essay online, he copied it. So he plagiarized.

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He hands in his paper to the professor, so he gives his paper to the professor, and the

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professor realizes there's something wrong with his paper. The professor does an online

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search, and sees: "Wait a second. Paul didn't write this paper. Somebody else wrote this

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paper." So now Paul is in very, very big trouble. Okay? Huge trouble at the university.

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Now, Paul was very lucky. Luckily, the professor was a very nice professor, and just gave Paul

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a zero. So Paul got a zero on that paper. But what can happen if you plagiarize is you

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can be "expelled" or "kicked out". So these have the same meaning, and it's where the

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university says: "Good bye. We don't want you here. Leave." Okay? So if you're kicked

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out or expelled, you're going to be very, very sad. Okay? You can't go to university

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anymore. The university does not want you there. You've been kicked out.

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So, luckily, that didn't happen to Paul, but in our example, just so you can see the word:

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"The university expels Paul." Okay? The university kicks Paul out. Okay? And then Paul is like

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this. Actually, Paul became very successful. This was his first year, his freshman year.

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Afterwards, he learned how to be a good university student. He never plagiarized again. He never...

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Well, he fell behind a couple more times, but he always managed to get caught up. He

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hit the books, he studied real hard, and so Paul actually did really well, and now he

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has a really high-paying job. So, good job, Paul. Very proud of you. So that's Paul's

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story about university.

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So, I'm going to give you some homework. I want you to hit the books. I want you to use

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these words, and I want you to write about either your experience at university or maybe

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somebody you know. One of the best ways to learn words is actually to make a story up

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using them, because it helps you remember the words a lot better. Okay? So your homework:

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Make a story using these words and the other verbs I've taught you

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about you or somebody you know.

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You can also come... Hit the books, and come to our website where you can do a quiz where

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you can practice these words. I promise you don't have to pull an all-nighter to succeed

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at this quiz. So come by, you know, you can practice the definitions/meanings of these

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words, and see some more examples of how we can use them. So, I hope you visit us at www.engvid.com.

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And I will be seeing you later.

 

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