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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 1: Eye Testing


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hello I'm Margot Politis welcome to study English IELTS preparation where we

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look at the skills you need to write raid speak and listen to formal academic

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English

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in today's episode we're talking about pronouns will also have a quick look at

0:31

homonyms and then take some time to practice using suffixes but first we're

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going to watch a clip about people who suffer from I problems

0:40

the people in this community live far from the city so it's hard for them to

0:45

get medical treatment

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they have no access to specialist at all and they cannot travel because they are

0:51

poor and most of them have cataract and they are blind because of contract which

0:55

is preventable

0:56

you're the resources aren't here really to take care of them

1:00

it would mean a major our people if they got to the stage where they couldn't be

1:04

taken care of here

1:05

they would have to leave the time their friends their family and go somewhere

1:10

where I could be cared for

1:11

which is miles away in remote communities

1:14

the professor is talking about the access of residence in the more

1:20

community

1:21

- I specialists he talks about the residence by using the pronoun they

1:26

pronouns are words that can take the place of nouns their words like I you

1:35

they who or what we can use pronouns in a number of different ways and they take

1:42

several different forms they can act as subjects objects or possessives if we

1:50

look at today

1:51

the subject form is they the object form is them the possessive form is there

2:01

listen to the professor talk about the residence they have no access to

2:06

specialist at all and they cannot travel because they are poor and most of them

2:10

have cataract and they are blind because of contract which is preventable

2:14

here they is used as the subject of the sentence

2:19

did you notice that the subject and verb a great in number

2:23

they're both plural the professor always says they have or they are

2:31

let's listen to the clip once more most of them have contract and they are blind

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the resources and he really to take care of them both the speakers use the

2:43

pronoun then after the preposition of most of them

2:50

take care of them let's see how we can use them with other prepositions we can

2:58

say of them to them by them for them in them on them with them or at them now

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listen for the possessive form of day

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there they would have to leave the home their friends their family and go

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somewhere where I could be cared for

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which is miles away in remote communities

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hear their functions as a possessive adjectives

3:32

it describes ownership there is used to talk about things that belong to the I

3:38

patients the patients homes their homes

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the patient's friends their friends

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the patients families their families

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so there are three forms pronouns take the subject form like they the object

3:58

form them and the possessive form there

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the word there is a homonym homonyms can be words that sound the same but have

4:14

different meanings like they're th a ir and they're th er E

4:24

Julie is talking about their home their friends their family is that th cir or

4:34

th ER e we know from the context that she is talking about ownership who the

4:42

friend's home and family belong to

4:46

so we know which spelling of there she is using th cir their friends their home

4:54

their family

4:57

another example of a set of homonyms is hei E and H AR

5:07

they're both pronounced the same here

5:10

listen for here the resources are really heat to take care of them

5:16

she says the resources aren't really here

5:21

the context tells us that when Julie says here she means in their immediate

5:27

location

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she is using h.e.r.b.i.e the resources aren't really here

5:34

there are two different types of homonyms the ones we've looked at so far

5:40

are called homophones because they sound the same

5:44

even though they are spelt differently some other examples of homophones our

5:49

site and site sale and sail fair and fair and through and through

5:59

so homophones are words that are spelled differently that sound the same

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another type of ha - is a homograph homographs are words that are spelled

6:12

the same but in different contexts the word will be pronounced differently some

6:18

common examples are read and red wine and wind live and live

6:28

let's try

6:30

exercise about homographs how would you pronounce the word in bold

6:35

she read the instructions carefully

6:41

we've already seen how some words are pronounced differently depending on

6:48

their context and function and when we looked at they them and there we saw how

6:54

the form of some words will change depending on the context and function

6:59

another way that words can change is by adding suffixes suffixes can be used to

7:06

create a new word with a new function and meaning

7:10

first listen for the suffix double they have no access to specialist at all and

7:18

they cannot travel because they are poor and most of them have cataract and they

7:21

are blind because of contract which is preventable

7:24

cataracts are preventable by adding the suffix double to the verb prevent we

7:31

formed the adjective preventable meaning able to be prevented

7:37

we can add the suffix double to a number of other words to form similar

7:42

adjectives for example raid becomes ratable count becomes countable and

7:51

recognized becomes recognizable

7:54

there are many other common suffixes in English learning suffixes is a quick way

8:00

to expand your vocabulary

8:02

let's take a look at two other common suffixes east and ism we can use east

8:09

when we talk about the people who do certain jobs

8:13

so you could be a journalist a chemist a geologist or a psychologist

8:21

we use the suffix ism to talk about beliefs ideologies or movements for

8:29

example Buddhism modernism realism or marxism and the people who believe these

8:39

ideas can sometimes be described by adding the East suffix

8:43

so we get Buddhist modernist realist or Marxist so

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let's take a look back over what we've learned today we've looked at how words

8:56

change according to their function and context

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first we've looked at pronouns and the different forms they take subject object

9:06

and possessive

9:08

then we talked about homonyms and the two different sorts , phones and

9:14

homographs and we finish today with a few different suffixes of all ism and

9:22

east

9:23

if you'd like to spend more time on any of these topics have a look at the study

9:30

English website

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it's at ABC asia-pacific . com / study English

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that's all for today I'll see you next time for more study English IELTS

9:41

preparation

9:42

bye-bye

9:53

yeah

9:57

yeah

#II22Ieltsprepseries2

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