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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 24: New Training


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Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

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Today we're going to talk about adverbs.

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Adverbs are useful because they give us more information about an action, event or situation.

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If I said they were very useful, that would be an example of using the adverb very to

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add to or modify the word useful

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But first, let's listen to our story about a new training program, to help fix the problem

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of there not being enough skilled workers in Australia.

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For too long, we didn't train enough people. We didn't put enough energy into getting people

0:56

into apprenticeships and traineeships. We just let market forces, laissez-faire approach,

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dominate, and it didn't work.

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We've established a school apprenticeship link program, which this year will have 500

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young Western Australians, predominantly, but not totally, boys, providing them with

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apprenticeships basically that they can take up in the mining and other industries.

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Fortunately, I don't think it has been left too late, so long as we very proactively tackle

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the situation now and don't delay any longer.

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OK. Let's look more closely at adverbs.

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Adverbs work by modifying words. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs or preposition

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phrases.

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Using adverbs correctly will improve your communication skills.

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They answer such questions as how? how often?

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when? where?

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and why?

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Because they have different functions, it's useful to describe adverbs according to categories.

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Here are some of the categories that adverbs can be divided into:

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adverbs of frequency - occasionally, usually, frequently, often

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adverbs of place somewhere, here, outside

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adverbs of manner quickly, carefully, suddenly

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adverbs of degree really, fairly, very, rather, extremely

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and finally focusing adverbs specifically, only, particularly

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Did you notice that most of these adverbs end in the suffix -ly? Many adverbs are formed

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by adding -ly to an adjective. For example:

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