IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 26: General Task Writing
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Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.
Today we're going to talk about letter writing.
IELTS Task 1 in the General Training module asks you to write a letter. We write letters
to friends, strangers, businesses, government departments and institutions.
The tone of a letter can be formal or informal, depending on who is going to read it.
There are several purposes for writing letters:
giving or requesting information
relating an event
giving good or bad news
Some letters can include several of these purposes at the same time.
Here are some examples.
Letters for giving information might include: travel plans
arrival details what to see and do on holidays.
Letters requesting information might be for: course information
library hours timetable information.
Some letters for giving instructions include: how to get to your house
how to operate a machine how to open an account.
And relating an event: a an incident or accident
a wedding or function or a holiday.
giving good or bad news cancelling an appointment
accepting a job offer informing of the birth of a baby.
Letters complaining might include: poor service in a restaurant
loud noise in your district or a problem with faulty goods.
And letters describing might be about: lost property
a friend or a place.
OK. That's an overview of different types of letter. Now let's consider the organisation
of the letter.
Letters have a clear and familiar structure. Formal letters begin with a greeting: Dear
___, and end with a closing: Yours sincerely.
In between the top and the bottom, is the body. But what sort of body? How do we decide
about the shape of the letter between the greeting and the closing?
Well, we write because we have a purpose. It is important to indicate at the beginning
of a letter what its purpose is.
Let's consider some examples.
If your letter is for giving information, you might start with: I am writing to advise
or for requesting information: I am writing to request information about
for giving instructions: I am writing to explain how to
relating an event: I am writing to describe the accident I saw
giving good or bad news: I am very happy to tell you that
complaining: I am writing to complain about
describing: I am writing to describe some lost property
It's easier for the reader of the letter if it's organised coherently.
In Task 1, the way the IELTS General Training question is laid out will help you in organising