IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 11: Mangroves
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Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.
On Study English today, we'll talk about the language of speculation and take a look at
identifying the future tense. Speculating about the future is a very important language
skill for the IELTS speaking test.
But first, let's watch today's story. We'll visit a mangrove forest where we'll meet one
of the more interesting animals that calls the forest home - the goanna, and a new animal
- the cane toad - that might be threatening the mangrove goanna.
Possibly because it's very hard to get into the mangroves all year round, especially in
the wet season when there's a lot of water. This site's one of the only spots where you
can get in without a boat all year round so that's why we chose it.
Are cane toads likely to come into mangrove mud flats like this?
It's probable that they'll come in small numbers, but from radio tracking these goannas it looks
like the mangrove goannas will head out onto the flood plain and they do seem to eat frogs
so it's possible that when the cane toads arrive here on the flood plain in big numbers
the goannas will eat them. So it's possible there'll be an impact.
We expect that most of the goannas are going to eat a cane toad and die, but we're just
hoping that some of them, even a small proportion, won't be interested in eating a toad and they're
the ones that will be living to pass on their genes and hopefully bring numbers of goannas
back up, eventually.
So the scientists aren't sure what will happen in the future.
When we're trying to 'predict the future' - or speculate about what might happen - we
have several language choices.
Let's put together a list of our options.
First, we have verbs. We could use verbs like:
suspect or hope
Second, we can use modal verbs.
Or, we can use conditionals like if:
If I pass the exam I will buy myself a new DVD.
Other conditionals use similar constructions like this:
If, I might, or
If, I could
We might also use discourse markers to speculate about the future.
Some examples are:
or even: you never know