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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 14: Termites


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0:13

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:18

Today, we're going to talk about tenses, and different ways of making comparisons.

0:25

Choosing the best tense for formal writing, including your IELTS essay, is important,

0:31

and so is being consistent.

0:32

We're going to start by listening to an ecologist talking about termites in tropical Australia.

0:40

What verb tense does she use?

0:42

This is another species of termite that we have here in the Territory, and this species

0:49

is nesuta termes graviolis and as you can tell, it nests in trees and their nests are

0:54

nice and round around the higher branches of the tree, and then they build these little

0:57

runways, what we call carton runways, that run all the way from the nest, all the way

1:02

down to the base of the tree, and the idea here is the termites just use them as shelter

1:06

so they're not exposed to predators and not exposed to the hot sun. So they travel down

1:10

through these tunnels and that allows them to access food resources on the ground.

1:15

So here in tropical Australia, termites are actually the major decomposer insect and they

1:20

also play a really important role in conditioning the soil, much like earthworms do, so they

1:24

help to turn over the soil, to create new soil and to increase the porosity of the soil.

1:31

She says:

1:32

Termites are the major decomposer insect.

1:36

They play a really important.

1:40

They help to turn over the soil.

1:43

She used the simple present tense form of verbs: are, play, and help.