IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 17: Naturopathic Medicine
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Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.
Today on Study English, you'll have the chance to practice your reading comprehension skills.
These are important skills, not just for the IELTS reading test, but for general academic
studies as well.
Today, we'll focus on the skills you need to answer the range of question types in the
IELTS reading test.
Let's begin by taking a look at the text.
So there's our comprehension piece.
It seems quite long. But let's start at the beginning.
Read the title.
We know that the passage is about naturopathic medicine.
Do you know anything about the subject?
You know the word medicine, but maybe not naturopathic.
It's OK if you don't. You don't need to understand every word. We can probably figure out the
meaning by paying attention to the context the word is used in, or by looking closely
at the parts of the word.
We know that naturopathic is an adjective, because it qualifies medicine.
Now, let's break naturopathic down.
The first part naturo- sounds like nature.
The ending is the suffix -ic. Do you know other words that end in -ic?
How about photographic or historic?
The suffix -ic means relating to or of.
So we could guess that naturopathic means something like relating to nature.
Then we can guess that the meaning of naturopathic medicine is something like medicine that heals
in a natural way.
Can you think of any words you know that might belong to this subject?
Let's look at the text again. After you've looked at the heading, look for some other
clues as to what it is about.
Are there any illustrations or diagrams? What's the layout like? All these things will help
your understanding of the subject.
What kind of text do you think this is?
It doesn't look like a newspaper article or an instruction manual. It's not an advertisement
or a timetable. It's probably an article from a journal. We
can tell by the style, the subject and the way it looks.
Did you notice the asterisk near the end of the text?
When an asterisk is used like this, extra information or explanation is given at the
bottom of the page.
What we've just done is to use the skills of previewing and predicting.
We put together all the information we could about the text we are reading.
We looked for a title, a diagram or any other information set apart - like the asterisk
at the end of the text.
We also made some educated guesses about what is in the article, by predicting some common
words we might expect to see.
Previewing and predicting before you start reading can help you process information quickly,
because you know what to expect. It can also help you to follow the author's ideas better,