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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 2: Ginseng


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Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:13

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:17

Today we're going to look at using the word 'say' in four different ways - to give examples,

0:25

to narrow down, to quote and as a filler.

0:28

Our story looks at the anti-cancer qualities of the ginseng plant. Listen for the word

0:36

'say'.

0:37

What they've found, say, in the case of ginseng, is that it is something that is difficult

0:43

and slow growing, in the wild and even in field cultivation. So you can imagine ginseng,

0:50

to have a mature plant, it might be there for a period of say 4 to 7 years.

0:55

While it's in the ground, it can suffer from pests, pest problems. I've heard of instances

1:02

where growers have had the crop in the ground for say 5 to 6 years. They've been keen to

1:07

keep it that extra year or two, to say form the right shape of the ginseng plant, and

1:12

then they've been struck by pests, virtually overnight.

1:16

The speaker, Dr David Armstrong, uses the word 'say' in several different ways.

1:23

Listen to the first one again.

1:26

What they've found, say, in the case of ginseng, is that it is something that is difficult

1:32

and slow growing.

1:34

The word 'say' in this clip is used to introduce an example.

1:39

In formal English, instead of using 'say', we would use 'for instance' or 'for example'.

1:47

Have a look at these sentences:

1:48

They have found, say, in the case of ginseng, that it is difficult to grow.