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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 20: Zoos


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Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:13

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:19

Today we visit a zoo, and we meet a man who designs natural looking habitats for zoo animals

0:25

to live in.

0:27

We'll also talk about infinitive verbs and we'll listen out for some common conversation

0:33

markers.

0:35

But let's start by meeting Richard Rowe, a horticulturalist at Werribee Zoo in Victoria.

0:42

Listen to Richard talk about his work at the zoo.

0:48

My role is to create environments that allow animals to display natural behaviour and for

0:54

visitors to see animals in areas which really do appear to be very natural. The skill of

1:00

what we do is to create something, which looks as though it's been here a long time and looks

1:04

very natural.

1:06

Well, we originally look at where is it that the animal lives. So narrow it down to geography.

1:12

Is it Africa, South America, wherever? Then look at the particular type of habitat. So

1:17

is it riverine? Is it savannah? And then narrow it down even closer again. Often, it's very,

1:24

very difficult to get vegetation from the specific area that an animal comes from.

1:32

With some plants, you know, they're already in the country so you can take cuttings or

1:36

collect seed. Botanic gardens are a great source for rare and unusual plants.

1:40

The simplest form of the verb is the infinitive form.

1:46

If you're using a dictionary to find the meaning of a verb, you'll need to know the infinitive

1:52

form. It's the most basic form that's used for dictionary entries.

1:59

Infinitives are generally used with the marker to. They can be used in many different ways.

2:06

Here's Richard describing his job.

2:09

My role is to create environments that allow animals to display natural behaviour and for

2:15

visitors to see animals in areas which really do appear to be very natural.

2:21

Richard says:

2:23

to create

2:25

to display

2:27

to see

2:29

to be

2:31

These infinitives all function in different ways.

2:35

Richard says:

2:37

My role is to create environments.

2:40

He also says:

2:42

The skill is to create something.

2:46

In both examples, the infinitive is a complement following the main verb.

2:52

Take a look at this sentence:

2:54

Before the IELTS test the important thing is to get plenty of rest.

3:01

Here the infinitive to get is a complement following the main verb is.