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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 21: Health


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Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:02

Hello. I'm

0:14

Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:19

The focus of today's lesson is the IELTS Listening Test.

0:24

In the IELTS Listening Test, you will be tested on your ability to understand spoken English

0:30

in a variety of contexts, so it's important to develop a range of skills that will help

0:36

you with your listening.

0:39

A good way to prepare for the test is to develop your previewing and predicting skills. These

0:45

strategies will help improve your listening comprehension.

0:50

Let's imagine this graphic is a written part of a listening test - a fact sheet.

0:57

You are always given 30 seconds to familiarise yourself with the questions before the listening

1:03

section is played.

1:05

This is when you'll need to use your previewing and predicting skills. They will help you

1:12

learn as much as possible before you listen, so you will know what you will be listening

1:17

to and what you need to listen for.

1:20

Let's start previewing and predicting. Look at the section again. Think about the following

1:27

questions:

1:29

What is the topic?

1:31

Who is speaking?

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Where are they?

1:34

Why are they talking?

1:35

OK. Let's think about the first question you should ask: What is the topic?

1:43

We know from the title of the fact sheet that this section will be about 'health and well-being.

1:50

Next: Who is speaking?

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Because this is a section3 of an IELTS Listening Test, we know that it will be a conversation

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between 2 to 4 speakers about an educational topic. The speakers could be teachers or students.

2:07

Where are they?

2:10

We could guess they are at university. Why are they talking?

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We know from the fact sheet that they are discussing a health study.

2:22

These previewing and predicting skills are very important. You should go through these

2:27

steps before the actual listening test begins, so you are properly prepared.

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It's important to look at the key words in the questions to determine what kind of information

2:42

you need to listen for.

2:44

The key words are highlighted:

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How many children are being tracked?

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We need to listen for a number.

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What are the researchers checking?

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We need to listen for something about the children's health.

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How old are the participants?

3:05

We're listening for age.

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Another skill the listening test assesses is your ability to follow instructions correctly.

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If we look again at the written part of the test, what does the question ask us to do?

3:23

To answer using no more than 3 words or a number. You must read and follow this instruction

3:31

exactly.

3:34

Remember that the listening test is played once only, so it is important to prepare yourself

3:40

well.

3:42

Let's listen now. The announcer would start off by saying something like:

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You are going to hear a passage about a study on the health and well-being of children.

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Listen to the talk, and complete the notes.

3:58

For the past two decades, scientists have been tracking the health and well being of

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7,500 Queensland children in a unique long-term study. It's rather like a scientific version

4:11

of the documentary series '7 Up'. Every few years, researchers revisit the participants

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to check their growth and record their thoughts on life. Now, those chosen to take part in

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the study as babies are coming of age, turning 21 and the data they've provided is giving

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valuable insights into just why some children are healthier than others.

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Well done! Now let's move on.

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Now we're going to talk about listening for main ideas and supporting information.

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This is important to test your ability to identify and understand the relationship between

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ideas, such as: comparisons, examples, facts, opinions, cause and effect.

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Here's an example. I'm going to give some information about sport. Identify what my

5:20

main idea is, and what information I provided to support my main idea.

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Sport provides numerous benefits. Participation in sport can have a positive effect on a person's

5:36

well being, and at the same time improve their coordination. Also, it has been proven to

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help fight disease.

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One way your comprehension might be tested is with a summary completion test.

5:56

Let's imagine this next graphic is part of a listening test where you have to complete