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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 22: Phonics


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0:13

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:19

Have you ever wished you knew more words when you were reading or listening? Well, today

0:24

we're going to show you how you can - just by guessing!

0:29

It will take a little bit of effort, but you can learn strategies to help you guess the

0:33

meaning of words you may not know.

0:36

One of the strategies is using context to guess unknown words.

0:41

But what is context? Well, context includes the words, phrases or sentences before and

0:50

after the unknown word, which helps make the meaning clear.

0:54

Let's consider an example. Today's story is about helping children learn to read.

1:01

Here, Chris Brooks is using the phonics method. If you don't know what the phonics method

1:07

is, can you work it out from the other words used by the reporter? Listen carefully.

1:20

Chris Brooks is teaching Ashley with what's called the phonics method, which was used

1:24

by most teachers til the '50s. It breaks words down into their individual sounds.

1:29

Well, as you've seen, Sonya, what we've done is we've worked with some letters that have

1:34

a variety of sounds, so the letter 'c' had two sounds, the 'k' sound and the 'ss' sound,

1:40

and you can see with our colour-coding, one's purple and one's black, and the same with

1:43

the letter 's', it has a 'ss' sound and 'zz' sound, so they're their common sounds.

1:49

The reporter uses the following words and phrases:

1:54

teaching

1:56

phonics method

1:57

used by teachers and

2:00

breaks words down into their individual sounds

2:05

So we can guess that phonics is a method used by teachers that breaks words down into their

2:12

individual sounds.

2:13

So using the context, the words surrounding the word phonics, we have some understanding

2:23

of it.

2:23

Let's now listen to Chris Brooks again. What other words or phrases help us with the meaning

2:31

of phonics?

2:32

Well, as you've seen, Sonya, what we've done is we've worked with some letters that have

2:36

a variety of sounds, so the letter 'c' had two sounds, the 'k' sound and the 'ss' sound,

2:42

and you can see with our colour-coding, one's purple and one's black, and the same with