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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 3: Jarrah Forest


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0:13

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:18

Today we'll travel to Western Australia to take a look at a famous jarrah forest.

0:24

And while we're there, we'll learn about words that we use to describe 'spatial relationships'

0:30

- where things are in relation to one another.

0:32

Later on, we'll listen to a few 'proverbs'.

0:36

But first, here's the Western Australian jarrah forest.

0:40

Our jarrah forest is our reference point, it's our library of information, this is our

0:45

baseline, this is what we had before we mined. I think some of the outward signs are showing

0:50

us that it's quite healthy.

0:52

The proof in the pudding is not you and I sitting here today, but the proof of the pudding

0:56

might be in ten year's time, twenty year's time - whether this forest is flourishing

1:02

for our children and grandchildren. So far so good.

1:06

Dr Bougher knows a lot about the forest. In the clip, he spent a lot of time describing

1:13

where things are.

1:15

When you're describing where things are, it's important to be precise and accurate in your

1:21

description.

1:22

You need to think about how you're going to 'order the description'. You should try to

1:27

arrange it in a logical way, according to some kind of pattern.

1:32

You might describe things in one area at a time, so you can guide your listener through

1:38

the space.

1:39

Look at this picture.

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You could for example describe from the 'top to the bottom', from the 'left to the right',

1:49

or from 'near to far' - that is you could start describing 'the foreground', 'the middle

1:57

distance', and finish with 'the background'.

2:00

There are no rules on how to describe something. Just make sure that your description is clear

2:08

and logical.

2:08

Here is Dr Bougher again. Notice how he describes the forest area.

2:15

On our left here, we have a very good example of the jarrah forest, the famous jarrah forest

2:21

of Western Australia.

2:24

And on our right here, we have the contrast, which is the mined area, and on this area

2:30

we can see the rehabilitation has occurred about three years ago.

2:33

Dr Bougher uses descriptions like 'on our left' and 'on our right'.

2:43

He helps us understand the location of things by using the preposition 'on', along with

2:50

a noun phrase. These are preposition phrases.

2:54

When we want to describe where things are, we usually use preposition phrases.

3:01

Let's look at some of the common prepositions you can use to describe where things are:

3:10

above below

3:12

beside or next to in front of

3:19

behind on the right

3:23