IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 3: Jarrah Forest
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Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.
Today we'll travel to Western Australia to take a look at a famous jarrah forest.
And while we're there, we'll learn about words that we use to describe 'spatial relationships'
- where things are in relation to one another.
Later on, we'll listen to a few 'proverbs'.
But first, here's the Western Australian jarrah forest.
Our jarrah forest is our reference point, it's our library of information, this is our
baseline, this is what we had before we mined. I think some of the outward signs are showing
us that it's quite healthy.
The proof in the pudding is not you and I sitting here today, but the proof of the pudding
might be in ten year's time, twenty year's time - whether this forest is flourishing
for our children and grandchildren. So far so good.
Dr Bougher knows a lot about the forest. In the clip, he spent a lot of time describing
where things are.
When you're describing where things are, it's important to be precise and accurate in your
You need to think about how you're going to 'order the description'. You should try to
arrange it in a logical way, according to some kind of pattern.
You might describe things in one area at a time, so you can guide your listener through
Look at this picture.
You could for example describe from the 'top to the bottom', from the 'left to the right',
or from 'near to far' - that is you could start describing 'the foreground', 'the middle
distance', and finish with 'the background'.
There are no rules on how to describe something. Just make sure that your description is clear
Here is Dr Bougher again. Notice how he describes the forest area.
On our left here, we have a very good example of the jarrah forest, the famous jarrah forest
of Western Australia.
And on our right here, we have the contrast, which is the mined area, and on this area
we can see the rehabilitation has occurred about three years ago.
Dr Bougher uses descriptions like 'on our left' and 'on our right'.
He helps us understand the location of things by using the preposition 'on', along with
a noun phrase. These are preposition phrases.
When we want to describe where things are, we usually use preposition phrases.
Let's look at some of the common prepositions you can use to describe where things are:
beside or next to in front of
behind on the right