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IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 4: Clouds


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0:13

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:18

Today, we're going to look at 'paragraphs'.

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But what's a 'paragraph'? Well it's a group of sentences that are related and develop

0:27

an idea.

0:29

You need to use paragraphs in any formal writing you do, especially in the IELTS writing test.

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Let's listen to a weather expert talking about clouds, and then we'll look at how a paragraph

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works.

0:43

Clouds have two effects. Now clouds obviously decrease the amount of incoming radiation,

0:49

that is heating, from the sun. That then affects how many more clouds form. It affects how

0:54

hot it gets in the daytime. At the same time clouds, at night time, prevent radiation or

1:00

heat escaping from the earth. This not only affects temperatures, but it affects the atmospheric

1:05

systems, the winds, then the humidity and how everything occurs.

1:12

Jim Arthur speaks clearly on the topic of clouds.

1:16

What we have here, when it's written down, is a really good paragraph.

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A good paragraph consists of three main parts: a topic sentence, supporting sentences and

1:30

developing sentences.

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Let's start by looking at the topic sentence. The topic sentence provides the main idea

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of the paragraph. It tells us what the paragraph is about.

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Here's Jim Arthur introducing the subject he will be discussing.

1:50

Clouds have two effects.

1:54

"Clouds have two effects."

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This is Jim's topic sentence.

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There are two parts to his topic sentence.

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"Clouds have 2 effects."

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The first part tells us the subject: the subject is 'clouds'.

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The second part tells us the controlling idea.

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The controlling idea is that clouds 'have two effects'. This is what the rest of the

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paragraph will discuss.

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Let's listen to Jim discussing the effects.

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Now clouds obviously decrease the amount of incoming radiation that is heating, from the

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sun.

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In his second sentence, Jim states one of the effects of clouds that relates to and

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supports the topic sentence.

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"Clouds decrease the amount of incoming radiation." This sentence is called a supporting sentence.

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Listen to him continue.

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That then affects how many more clouds form. It affects how hot it gets in the daytime.

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These two sentences further develop or support the idea expressed in the supporting sentence.

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They're called developing s