IELTS Preparation Series 2, Episode 4: Clouds
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Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.
Today, we're going to look at 'paragraphs'.
But what's a 'paragraph'? Well it's a group of sentences that are related and develop
You need to use paragraphs in any formal writing you do, especially in the IELTS writing test.
Let's listen to a weather expert talking about clouds, and then we'll look at how a paragraph
Clouds have two effects. Now clouds obviously decrease the amount of incoming radiation,
that is heating, from the sun. That then affects how many more clouds form. It affects how
hot it gets in the daytime. At the same time clouds, at night time, prevent radiation or
heat escaping from the earth. This not only affects temperatures, but it affects the atmospheric
systems, the winds, then the humidity and how everything occurs.
Jim Arthur speaks clearly on the topic of clouds.
What we have here, when it's written down, is a really good paragraph.
A good paragraph consists of three main parts: a topic sentence, supporting sentences and
Let's start by looking at the topic sentence. The topic sentence provides the main idea
of the paragraph. It tells us what the paragraph is about.
Here's Jim Arthur introducing the subject he will be discussing.
Clouds have two effects.
"Clouds have two effects."
This is Jim's topic sentence.
There are two parts to his topic sentence.
"Clouds have 2 effects."
The first part tells us the subject: the subject is 'clouds'.
The second part tells us the controlling idea.