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IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 10: Vocabulary for Speaking


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0:13

Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

0:18

Today we'll look at how to make best use of your vocabulary and get your meaning across

0:24

in the IELTS Speaking Test.

0:27

Knowing how to use your vocabulary in different ways can help you maintain conversation.

0:33

When you find that you can't think of the right word, you can talk around the idea as

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this candidate does here:

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Do you think the children of famous people have it easy?

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No, I don't think so. It must be very, very hard. You know, when I lived in Ecuador, I

0:51

knew a lot of famous people and they always have to have bodyguards, or they have to live

0:57

behind bars, you know, behind big walls, and children are always protected, and they don't

1:05

have the freedom, so it's a big price you pay.

1:10

You can picture the surroundings from her description even though she has not named

1:14

it.

1:15

She said 'have to have bodyguards' 'live behind bars'

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'behind big walls' 'children are always protected'

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and 'they don't have the freedom'.

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She paints a clear picture of what she means: 'live behind bars' - we imagine someone in

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jail; 'bodyguards' - employing someone to protect you and your children.

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The vocabulary used in her description accurately, effectively and successfully describes a 'gated

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community'.

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The ability to use your vocabulary to describe something you don't have the exact word for

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is called circumlocution. Circumlocution means 'talking around something' and is assessed

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as a vocabulary skill.

2:14

During the interview the examiner may use a word that you don't know the meaning of.

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Let's imagine the topic of computers in education comes up in the interview. The interviewer

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takes the opportunity to explore this area and says:

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Computer technology plays a big role in children's education today. Do you think the benefits

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of using computers are overrated?

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Let's say you don't understand the word overrated. You can ask the interviewer what that word

2:45

means, like this:

2:47

Computer technology plays a big role in children's education today. Do you think the benefits