IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 10: Vocabulary for Speaking
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Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.
Today we'll look at how to make best use of your vocabulary and get your meaning across
in the IELTS Speaking Test.
Knowing how to use your vocabulary in different ways can help you maintain conversation.
When you find that you can't think of the right word, you can talk around the idea as
this candidate does here:
Do you think the children of famous people have it easy?
No, I don't think so. It must be very, very hard. You know, when I lived in Ecuador, I
knew a lot of famous people and they always have to have bodyguards, or they have to live
behind bars, you know, behind big walls, and children are always protected, and they don't
have the freedom, so it's a big price you pay.
You can picture the surroundings from her description even though she has not named
She said 'have to have bodyguards' 'live behind bars'
'behind big walls' 'children are always protected'
and 'they don't have the freedom'.
She paints a clear picture of what she means: 'live behind bars' - we imagine someone in
jail; 'bodyguards' - employing someone to protect you and your children.
The vocabulary used in her description accurately, effectively and successfully describes a 'gated
The ability to use your vocabulary to describe something you don't have the exact word for
is called circumlocution. Circumlocution means 'talking around something' and is assessed
as a vocabulary skill.
During the interview the examiner may use a word that you don't know the meaning of.
Let's imagine the topic of computers in education comes up in the interview. The interviewer
takes the opportunity to explore this area and says: