IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 14: General Training Reading
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Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.
There are two IELTS Tests - the Academic Test and the General Training Test.
Today we're going to look at the Reading Module of the General Training Test.
The main difference between the General Test and the Academic Test is that the texts you
have to read are more practical and related to everyday life.
The General Reading Test is divided into 3 sections:
Section 1 has up to 3 short texts that you are likely to come across, such as entertainment
brochures, bus timetables, accommodation lists and instructions.
Section 2 has 2 passages that are work-related, for example job descriptions, and instructions
for using facilities at work.
Section 3 has one longer passage on a general topic, often a magazine article.
Let's have a closer look at a typical short text that you would be asked about in Section
The questions you may be asked about a page like this only need short answers.
For example: 'On what page is the article about childhood obesity?'
You scan the page to find a title that mentions childhood obesity or means the same and find
the answer: 'Are children getting fatter?' - page 12.
It helps to be familiar with the way these texts are laid out. You need to practise scanning
these types of texts to find the information that relates to the question. Scanning means
looking for key words.
In the next section, Section 2, you will be asked about a work-related text that is a
bit more complex, such as this job advertisement.
It is important to know that information in job ads is presented in a particular way.
Being aware of the lay out will help you locate answers more quickly.
Because the texts in section 2 are longer, it is useful to preview them.
Let's reduce the ad to its headings.
We have: City of Greenfield; Position Description; Responsibilities; Key Selection Criteria
Under 'City of Greenfield' which is the name of the employer, we have some information
about the employer:
"Vibrant, modern and energetic, Greenfield is a city of choice and opportunity. The city
is experiencing significant growth and expansion and the Council is leading the way in managing
and delivering high quality services to its local community."
And we have the sales pitch, which is there to persuade suitable people to apply:
"An exciting career opportunity exists for an enthusiastic individual with good communication
skills and a proven track record in office administration."
'Position description' tells you exactly what the job is - the title, salary and if it is
full time or part time.
Under 'Responsibilities' are listed the things you would need to do or the duties you would
have to perform.
'Key Selection Criteria' covers the skills that the employer considers necessary for
the job and 'Qualifications' are, of course, your experience and education.
The final section of the ad has all the information needed by anyone who wants to apply.
So, if you were asked in what part of the ad you would find a duty such as running and
managing an office, where would it be?
It would be in the Responsibilities section.
It is very useful to be able to know exactly where to look because it saves vital time.
Because the test deals with texts that are work-related, it is expected that you will
be familiar with the terms used in the working world. Listen to this woman describing how