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IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 17: Talking about Festivals & Celebrations


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Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:12

Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

0:17

A common topic in the IELTS Test is Festivals and Celebrations.

0:23

It's a good idea to be prepared to talk about a major festival in your country or the way

0:28

weddings and birthdays are celebrated.

0:34

By festivals, we mean things such as Chinese New Year or Christmas or the Water Festival.

0:42

How does our speaker talk about the Water Festival?

0:47

The Water Festival is one of the most popular festivals in Cambodia. There are about 430

0:54

boats from all over the country. Each boat carries between 40 to 70 people. They just

1:01

pack into these little canoes. There are quite a few aspects to the Water Festival.

1:07

It's best to introduce a topic so the listener knows what to expect. This is called the orientation.

1:15

The opening statement should tell us what to expect - here it is a description of the

1:21

Water Festival in Cambodia and some aspects of this festival.

1:26

What exactly are these aspects?

1:28

There are quite a few aspects to the Water Festival. It is celebrated every year and

1:34

its history is that the King would use the Water Festival to find the strongest men to

1:40

join the marine force to look after the country. I would say every Cambodian would consider

1:47

water the most important thing in their life.

1:50

There are two aspects. There's the history of the festival and the significance of the

1:56

festival to people now. It's a good idea to think of a major festival in your country

2:02

and then think of ways to expand your answer, like this:

2:05

I would say every Cambodian would consider water the most important thing in their life.

2:12

The majority of Cambodians live in the countryside and the rural population rely on water, you

2:19

know, to farm. So they basically almost worship water. And Cambodia's Water Festival coincides

2:28

with the full moon, a good omen that promises a bountiful harvest.

2:33

Notice that when you talk about customs you are talking about facts and so you would need

2:39

to use the simple present tense, like this:

2:42

There are quite a few aspects to the Water Festival. The majority of Cambodians live

2:49

in the countryside and the rural population rely on water, you know, to farm. They basically

2:57

almost worship water. And Cambodia's Water Festival coincides with the full moon, a good

3:04

omen that promises a bountiful harvest.

3:12

Now let's look at the way our speaker uses the words 'a' and 'the' in her speech.

3:18

'The' is used to identify something there is only one of, such as the Water Festival,

3:27

the King, the strongest men, the marine force, and the country. Listen:

3:36

There are quite a few aspects to the Water Festival. It is celebrated every year and

3:42

it history is that the King would use the Water Festival to find the strongest men to

3:48

join the marine force to look after the country.