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IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 19: Labelling a Flow Chart


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Hello, and

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welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

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One of the skills in the listening test is listening for specific information. Here's

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a story about a process - making spectacles - or glasses.

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People like my frames because they're individually made for them, they're uniquely Australian,

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there's an air of exclusivity about it, and they're fun to wear. My name's Roger Henley, I'm a spectacle frame-maker

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in Adelaide. I'm one of three in Australia that produces hand-made spectacle frames.

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My interest in frame-making started in 1978 when, as an apprentice optical mechanic, I

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felt I could make spectacle frames. So in 1987 I actually left my job and started a

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business of making spectacle frames.

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The frame-making process, in brief, involves over 50 steps. I'll just go through a few

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of them. The first step is to mill the front out on a CAD milling machine. It then has

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a heat-sink joint inserted into the frame front. It is then heated in an oven to its

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memory set point, which is 110 degrees C, and then placed in a mould which then gives

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it its curvature or meniscus on the frame.

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There's a lot of information there, and sometimes it's hard to hear the specific thing you're

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listening for. How can you prepare for this? First - listen for the key words in the question.

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Look at this question:

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Who is Roger Henley?

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The key words are 'who' and 'Roger Henley'. So listen for the name Roger Henley in the

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listening passage:

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People like my frames because they're individually made for them, they're uniquely Australian,

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there's an air of exclusivity about it, and they're fun to wear. My name's Roger Henley, I'm a spectacle frame-maker

2:37

in Adelaide. I'm one of three in Australia that produces hand-made spectacle frames.

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My name's Roger Henley, I'm a spectacle frame-maker in Adelaide. He describes who he is, by saying

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what he does, immediately after he says his name.

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My name's Roger Henley, I'm a spectacle frame-maker in Adelaide. I'm one of three in Australia

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that produces hand-made spectacle frames.

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Look at this question:

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When did he begin manufacturing glasses?

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The key words are 'when', 'begin' and 'manufacturing glasses' and because the question asks 'when'

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- you need to listen for a date.

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I'm one of three in Australia that produces hand-made spectacle frames. My interest in

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frame-making started in 1978 when, as an apprentice optical mechanic, I felt I could make spectacle

3:33

frames. So in 1987 I actually left my job and started a business of making spectacle

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frames. There were two dates - 1978 and 1987. Which

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one is correct? You need to listen for words that mean the same as the key words in the

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question - 'begin', 'manufacturing', and 'glasses'.

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I'm one of three in Australia that produces hand-made spectacle frames. My interest in

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frame-making started in 1978 when, as an apprentice optical mechanic, I felt I could make spectacle

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frames. So in 1987 I actually left my job and started a business of making spectacle

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frames.

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We know 'spectacles' is another word for 'glasses'. 'Started' is another word for 'began', and

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'making' is another word for 'manufacturing'.

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So in 1987 I actually left my job and started a business of making spectacle frames.

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So the answer is 1987. Remember when you're looking at questions and key words - to look

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especially for 'wh' words - who, where, when, which, why - and for information that will

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answer those questions:

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Who a person or persons

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Where a place

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When a time or date

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Which a specific example

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Why a reason

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And also remember to listen for synonyms for your key words - words which mean the same

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thing as the key word.

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In the test, note how many words your answer can be - it might be two or three. You must

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not use more than two or three words in your answer.

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Here's another question: How many stages are there in the frame-making process? Use no

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more than two words in your answer. Listen:

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The frame-making process, in brief, involves over 50 steps. I'll just go through a few

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of them. The first step is to mill the front out on a CAD milling machine. It then has

5:55

a heat-sink joint inserted into the frame front. It is then heated in an oven to its

6:04

memory set point, which is 110 degrees C, and then placed in a mould which then gives

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it its curvature or meniscus on the frame.

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The question 'how many?' tells us the answer must be a number. And what word is a synonym

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for 'stages?' Listen again.

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The frame-making process, in brief, involves over 50 steps. I'll just go through a few

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of them.

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'Steps' is a synonym for 'stages', so you could write: 50 steps, or over 50 steps, or

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over 50. Which is correct?

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The only correct answer is 'over 50'. It answers the question - how many stages are there in

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the frame-making process. '50 steps' is incorrect because there are more than fifty, and 'over

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50 steps' is incorrect, because you were asked to use no more than two words.

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Another type of question in the listening test involves labelling a diagram, or chart.

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Listen to Roger Henley describing the first four stages of the frame-making process:

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The first step is to mill the front out on a CAD milling machine. It then has a heat-sink joint inserted into

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the frame front. It is then heated in an oven to its memory set point, which is 110 degrees

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C, and then placed in a mould which then gives it its curvature or meniscus on the frame.

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Here are those four stages as a flow chart, with words missing.

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You need to listen for 'what' words complete these four stages. What kind of word will

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you listen for? Look at the first one:

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In processes, simple present passive voice is often used, as it is here. So probably

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the word needed is a participle.

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The first step is to mill the front out on a CAD milling machine.

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So the word missing is the participle formed of the verb 'to mill' - milled.

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The second missing word is also a participle to complete a passive sentence.

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The first step is to mill the front out on a CAD milling machine. It then has a heat-sink

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joint inserted into the frame front.

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The missing word is 'inserted'.

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In the third example the gap is before the symbol for 'degrees centigrade' - so you should

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be listening for a number.

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The first step is to mill the front out on a CAD milling machine. It then has a heat-sink

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joint inserted into the frame front. It is then heated in an oven to its memory set point,

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which is 110 degrees C. So you should write 110 in the space.

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And in the final example, notice that the gap follows the indefinite article 'a'. So

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you know the word must be a noun.

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It is then heated in an oven to its memory set point, which is 110 degrees C. And then

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placed in a mould which then gives it its curvature or meniscus on the frame.

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It is placed in a mould, which is a form to give shape to something.

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That's all for now.

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To watch this episode again and all the Study English programs, visit our website.

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(The address is: australianetwork.com/studyenglish)

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Good luck with your studies.

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