TTLS

quy hoc bong ttls

Tương Lai Tươi Sáng Là Sẻ Chia

IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 20: Giving Examples


(Bấm vào đây để chọn bài học kế tiếp)

Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:02

Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

0:17

One of the things you will often need to do, in both spoken and written English, is give

0:23

examples. Today we'll look at some of the language you can use for giving examples,

0:28

and also for clarifying.

0:30

First let's listen to someone talking about an analysis of bird songs:

0:36

We're researching the effects of traffic noise on the calling behaviour of birds.

0:49

Normally, if there was no background noise from roads or other human-generated noise,

0:55

they'd be able to hear each other at least 100 metres apart. But where we have loud traffic,

1:01

it's likely they can only hear each other 20 or 30 metres apart.

1:08

We can analyse the frequency of the different notes in the calls. So for example, this is

1:15

the grey fantail - how it would sound at a quiet site.

1:23

She gives an example of one bird call they have analysed, and introduces that with the

1:28

phrase 'for example'.

1:30

So for example, this is the grey fantail - how it would sound at a quiet site.

1:41

For example can be used to introduce the example, as it is here, or it can be placed after the

1:48

example:

1:50

This is the grey fantail, for example.

1:58

But formally, it is better to introduce the example with the phrase. Listen:

2:03

The birds aren't changing their tune very much, so on average, they're only going up

2:10

one note on the musical scale. For example, with the grey shrike-thrush,

2:14

it goes from here to here.

2:18

The speaker makes a general statement about the behaviour of birds then illustrates it

2:25

with one specific example.

2:28

The birds aren't changing their tune very much, so on average, they're only going up

2:34

one note on the musical scale. For example, with the grey shrike-thrush,

2:39

it goes from here to here.

2:44

Another phrase with exactly the same meaning is 'for instance'. Listen for the phrase used

2:50

by this woman talking about kite-flying:

2:53

Kiting has developed over the years. It's just amazing the difference and the variation.

3:00

For instance, with the inflatable kites we don't use any spars with them. But you can't

3:06

make inflatable kites unless you've got the right materials so today we work with rib-stock

3:11

nylon so we're able to sew it. So, it's sort of like balloon fabric so we can fill them

3:15

up with air and they go up in the sky.

3:18

Again the phrase 'for instance' introduces the example. She makes a statement about the

3:24

variety of kites, and then gives one example, of a kite with no spars:

3:30

It's just amazing the difference and the variation. For instance, with the inflatable kites we

3:37

don't use any spars with them.