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IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 21: Talking About the Family


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Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:12

Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

0:17

The family is a common topic in IELTS, especially in Part 1 of the Speaking Test.

0:24

Talking about such a familiar topic might seem simple, but doing it well requires thought

0:30

and practice.

0:32

Let's listen to someone talking about their family:

0:35

My mother is a teacher and my father is an architect. I've got 2 brothers and one sister,

0:40

so that's all the immediate family.

0:42

She begins by identifying her mother and father, and then her brothers and sister. What did

0:50

she call all of them together?

0:53

My mother is a teacher and my father is an architect. I've got 2 brothers and one sister,

0:57

so that's all the immediate family.

1:00

The immediate family. Another term for this is nuclear family.

1:06

That's the parents - mother and father - and the siblings - brothers and sisters.

1:13

A male child is called the son of his parents and a female child is called the daughter.

1:22

Mother and father are the formal words. In informal English you say mum and dad, like

1:30

this:

1:31

Me and my mum we immigrated to Australia in 1991 to Perth and then I moved over to Sydney

1:38

to be with my dad, then dad moved back to Thailand, so yeah.

1:42

The family outside of the immediate family is called the extended family.

1:48

The parents of your parents are called grandparents - grandmother and grandfather. The brothers

1:56

and sisters of your parents are called uncles and aunts.

2:00

Listen:

2:01

Both my parents were only children, so I don't have any aunts or uncles. But I do have a

2:06

niece, my oldest brother's daughter.

2:09

If you refer to your mother's sister, you can say "my aunt on my mother's side". If

2:16

you refer to your father's father, you can say "grandfather on my father's side".

2:24

The children of your aunts and uncles are called "cousins", whether male or female.

2:30

The children of your brothers and sisters are called nephews if they're boys and nieces

2:37

if they're girls.

2:38

What did our first speaker say about her extended family?

2:43

Both my parents were only children, so I don't have any aunts or uncles. But I do have a

2:47

niece, my oldest brother's daughter.

2:50

She said her both her parents were only children. This means they were the only child of their

2:56

parents and didn't have any brothers or sisters.

3:01

If there are several children in your family you talk about them by order of birth, like

3:06

this:

3:06

I have one older brother, he's 22. I have, I'm in the middle and I'm 20 and I have a