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IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 26: Giving Advice


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Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:12

Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

0:18

What should you do to stay healthy? This is a possible question in IELTS. How might you

0:24

reply to such a question - what language choices do you have?

0:29

The language function required is "giving advice". Today we'll look at language choices

0:34

in English for giving advice.

0:36

First, let's listen to someone giving advice about health:

0:42

Having good health is something we all want. There are several things we should do to keep

0:47

fit and healthy - eat well, exercise and get plenty of rest. If we have a good diet, lead

0:54

an active life and get enough sleep, then we should stay healthy. If we get sick, then

1:00

we need to manage our recovery. There is prevention, and there is cure - but prevention is better

1:06

than cure.

1:07

"Prevention is better than cure". This is a common saying that means it's better to

1:13

avoid getting sick than trying to cure the sickness later.

1:18

So what does our advisor recommend we do to prevent getting ill?

1:23

There are several things we should do to keep fit and healthy - eat well, exercise and get

1:29

plenty of rest. If we have a good diet, lead an active life and get enough sleep, then

1:35

we should stay healthy.

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What sort of language does she use for giving advice?

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First she uses the modal verb 'should'. Listen again:

1:47

There are several things we should do to keep fit and healthy - eat well, exercise and get

1:53

plenty of rest.

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The word 'should' is used in a number of ways. Here it indicates advisability - there are

2:02

several things we should do to keep fit.

2:05

Listen to another use of should with this meaning:

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You should try to walk a couple of kilometres every day.

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The negative form "shouldn't" is often used to give advice about what not to do.

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There are three things that you shouldn't do. You shouldn't smoke, you shouldn't eat

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too much junk food and you shouldn't drink too much alcohol.

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There is another modal verb that is used in the same way as should, but is a more formal

2:32

choice, ought.

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It's used by this man in an interview about immigration to Australia and its impact on