TTLS

quy hoc bong ttls

Tương Lai Tươi Sáng Là Sẻ Chia

IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 4: Sentence Types


(Bấm vào đây để chọn bài học kế tiếp)

Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:12

Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

0:17

One of the criteria used to assess your writing in the IELTS test is called grammatical range

0:24

and accuracy. The examiners will look at the number of mistakes you make, and also at the

0:30

range of sentence types you use.

0:36

What is the range of sentence types? There is a simple sentence, like this:

0:44

Pollution is a problem.

0:45

This example shows you the basic structure. A subject - pollution, a verb - is, and the

0:56

object - a problem. A simple sentence can have more words than this. You can add adjectives:

1:06

Pollution is a serious problem.

1:09

Air pollution is a serious problem.

1:13

And you can add information with a preposition like 'in'

1:18

Air pollution is a serious problem in the city.

1:22

Or 'from'

1:24

Air pollution from cars is a serious problem in the city.

1:30

So a simple sentence doesn't have to be short or simple.

1:34

Most of the time the thing that's simple about simple sentences is the idea they express.

1:40

Listen to some typical simple sentences in this piece about an old theatre:

1:47

It is a lovely theatre. It has excellent acoustics. It's a classic 3 tiered, horse-shoe shaped

1:54

auditorium.

1:57

You tend to use simple sentences for straightforward information.

2:01

It is a lovely theatre to work in.

2:05

It has excellent acoustics.

2:08

You can add detail, but the idea is not complicated. Listen again:

2:14

It's a classic 3 tiered, horse-shoe shaped auditorium.

2:19

But it's best to use a variety of sentence types and not just a list of simple sentences.

2:26

Listen to this:

2:28

The foundation stone was laid in 1834 and the theatre opened in 1837.

2:34

You can join two simple sentences together with 'and'.

2:39

The two sentences are: The foundation stone was laid in 1834.

2:45

The theatre opened in 1837.

2:50

Joining them with 'and' gives you a compound sentence.

2:55

Listen again:

2:56

The foundation stone was laid in 1834 and the theatre opened in 1837.

3:03

But what type of sentence do you use if you want to say something a little more complicated?

3:08

Listen:

3:09

Although the Theatre Royal has some of the disadvantages of this sort of theatre, such

3:13

as the columns which people don't like sitting behind, it still has atmosphere.

3:17

This sort of sentence is called a complex sentence. A complex sentence isn't just 2

3:25

sentences joined together. Some parts of a complex sentence might not be a complete idea.

3:31

For instance, the first part of this sentence is quite long with a subject, verb and object,