IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 4: Sentence Types
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Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.
One of the criteria used to assess your writing in the IELTS test is called grammatical range
and accuracy. The examiners will look at the number of mistakes you make, and also at the
range of sentence types you use.
What is the range of sentence types? There is a simple sentence, like this:
Pollution is a problem.
This example shows you the basic structure. A subject - pollution, a verb - is, and the
object - a problem. A simple sentence can have more words than this. You can add adjectives:
Pollution is a serious problem.
Air pollution is a serious problem.
And you can add information with a preposition like 'in'
Air pollution is a serious problem in the city.
Air pollution from cars is a serious problem in the city.
So a simple sentence doesn't have to be short or simple.
Most of the time the thing that's simple about simple sentences is the idea they express.
Listen to some typical simple sentences in this piece about an old theatre:
It is a lovely theatre. It has excellent acoustics. It's a classic 3 tiered, horse-shoe shaped
You tend to use simple sentences for straightforward information.
It is a lovely theatre to work in.
It has excellent acoustics.
You can add detail, but the idea is not complicated. Listen again:
It's a classic 3 tiered, horse-shoe shaped auditorium.
But it's best to use a variety of sentence types and not just a list of simple sentences.
Listen to this: