IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 5: Vocabulary Range
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Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.
Today we'll look at some strategies for meeting the requirements of vocabulary, one of the
criteria used to assess IELTS candidates.
When writing, you can expand what you want to say by adding words that give more detail,
or are more specific and descriptive.
This is a good way of showing the extent of your vocabulary.
Take this sentence for example:
Collection services can reduce rubbish.
What can you say to make this sentence more specific and descriptive?
First, look at 'collection services'. Ask yourself who, what, why and where?
What sort of collection services reduce rubbish?
They could be 'weekly collection services' or 'better collection services'. You could
also say 'more frequent collection services':
More frequent collection services can reduce rubbish.
You can do more than just use words in front of 'collection services'. You can also add
a phrase after it.
Ask yourself the same sort of questions: 'what is collected, who is collecting it'?
So you can add:
More frequent collection services for recyclables can reduce rubbish.
You don't have to stop at just one phrase. You might also want to say who does the collecting.
More frequent collection services for recyclables by councils can reduce rubbish.
You can also add words to the verb in the sentence. We know more collection can reduce
rubbish - but by how much?
It can substantially reduce rubbish.
More frequent collection services for recyclables by councils can substantially reduce rubbish.
Substantially is an adverb. It's one of the forms of the word substantial.
Adverbs often end with '-ly'
Other words that mean a large amount are vast, considerable and great.
Their adverbs are vastly, considerably and greatly.