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IELTS Preparation Series 3, Episode 5: Vocabulary Range


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Hello, and welcome to Study English, IELTS Preparation. I'm Margot Politis.

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Today we'll look at some strategies for meeting the requirements of vocabulary, one of the

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criteria used to assess IELTS candidates.

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When writing, you can expand what you want to say by adding words that give more detail,

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or are more specific and descriptive.

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This is a good way of showing the extent of your vocabulary.

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Take this sentence for example:

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Collection services can reduce rubbish.

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What can you say to make this sentence more specific and descriptive?

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First, look at 'collection services'. Ask yourself who, what, why and where?

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What sort of collection services reduce rubbish?

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They could be 'weekly collection services' or 'better collection services'. You could

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also say 'more frequent collection services':

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More frequent collection services can reduce rubbish.

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You can do more than just use words in front of 'collection services'. You can also add

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a phrase after it.

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Ask yourself the same sort of questions: 'what is collected, who is collecting it'?

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So you can add:

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More frequent collection services for recyclables can reduce rubbish.

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You don't have to stop at just one phrase. You might also want to say who does the collecting.

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So:

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More frequent collection services for recyclables by councils can reduce rubbish.

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You can also add words to the verb in the sentence. We know more collection can reduce

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rubbish - but by how much?

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It can substantially reduce rubbish.

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So:

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More frequent collection services for recyclables by councils can substantially reduce rubbish.

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Substantially is an adverb. It's one of the forms of the word substantial.

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Adverbs often end with '-ly'

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Other words that mean a large amount are vast, considerable and great.

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Their adverbs are vastly, considerably and greatly.

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