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IELTS Preparation Series 1, Episode 11: Recount in the Past


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0:14

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:20

Today we're going to look at ways to talk about something that's happened in the past,

0:25

and we'll also have a look at ways to form compound and complex sentences.

0:29

First, we're going to listen to a woman talk about a dramatic event in her past. Four years

0:36

ago, she had a stroke - a blood vessel burst in her brain.

0:41

Here's what happened to her:

0:43

A stroke is whereby the blood supply to the brain is cut off. The major signs of having

0:49

had a stroke that most people would equate with is weakness, so paralysis of an arm,

0:54

leg or face. In others it can be a loss of speech or inability to communicate. Others

1:01

may have loss of vision or a combination of all those things.

1:03

I was just so physically fit and also emotionally I was on top of the world. I had a really

1:13

good job at that time, and I was getting married.

1:19

I just felt terribly nauseous and I woke up with pins and needles down one side of my

1:27

leg, and then it worked its way up towards my arm and across.

1:35

I was just immobile. I couldn't move. I couldn't walk. I was paralysed on this side of my body.

1:43

Simone is telling her story. She is giving a recount of what happened to her and how

1:48

she was affected.

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A recount is a story about past events, usually in the order in which they occur.

1:56

Let's take another look at a clip from today's episode. Listen for the past tense verbs in

2:02

Simone's story.

2:03

I was just so physically fit and also emotionally I was on top of the world. I had a really

2:13

good job at this time, and I was getting married.

2:19

She says: I was so physically fit, I was on top of the world. I had a really good job.

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Here, 'was' and 'had' are past tense verbs.

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They're irregular verbs.

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Let's compare the three forms of these irregular verbs.

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From the infinitive form of the verb 'to be', we can form the simple present forms: am,

2:47

is and are; and we can also make the simple past forms - was or were.

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Notice that the verb to be is the only verb in English that has two past tense forms.

3:02

All others just have one.

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Let's do the same for the verb 'to have'.

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What is the simple present for of the verb 'to have'?

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Has, or have.

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And the simple past form?

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Had.

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When you learn new verbs, it's important to learn them with all their different forms,

3:28

so make sure you write verbs down in a notebook, and work out all their different tenses as

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