TTLS

quy hoc bong ttls

Tương Lai Tươi Sáng Là Sẻ Chia

IELTS Preparation Series 1, Episode 15: Sea floor


(Bấm vào đây để xem/nghe bài kế tiếp)

Xem lời thoại bên dưới:

0:00

Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:20

Today on Study English we're looking at adjectives. How do you use them, how do you order them,

0:26

and how do you use them to compare and describe things?

0:29

First, let's listen to some descriptions about the world under the sea, in the Gulf of Carpentaria,

0:36

off the north coast of Australia. It's quite an amazing place.

0:41

We know more about the surface of the moon or the surface of Mars, than we do about the

0:46

sea floor. The sea floor remains the last unexplored frontier. This is because it's

0:51

covered by this impenetrable ocean layer that we can't see through. The only way we can

0:57

see the sea floor is using sonar.

1:00

The largest reef they mapped is about 10 or so kilometres across. It's an oval-shaped

1:05

feature, so it covers around 100 square kilometres. Because of the fact that they are submerged

1:11

in 30m or so of water, the reefs are very hard to see. No one had realised that the

1:17

Gulf contained reefs just like the Great Barrier Reef.

1:21

Being able to describe things properly is an important communication skill.

1:26

You need adjectives for descriptions.

1:29

They usually come before the nouns they are describing.

1:33

The red car.

1:35

But when you want to accurately describe something, you often need to use more than one adjective

1:40

in a row.

1:42

What if the car is big, red, and made of plastic?

1:46

We call it the big, red, plastic car.

1:50

Notice that the adjectives are usually separated by commas.

1:55

But why don't we call it the red, plastic, big car?

1:59

How do you know which order to put the adjectives in?

2:03

Well, for native speakers, it's just that it sounds right, but luckily, there are some

2:09

rules.

2:10

It's called the royal order of adjectives.

2:13

Let's have a look at it.

2:14

First we have the determiner. That's articles: a, an,

2:21

the, numbers, or the word that describes the amount of something.

2:27

It can also be the owner, the person or thing who the noun belongs to.

2:33