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IELTS Preparation Series 1, Episode 20: Torres Strait


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0:14

Hello. I'm Margot Politis and this is Study English, IELTS preparation.

0:20

Today on Study English, it's geography. How do we talk about places, locations and directions?

0:26

Listen to this clip about the history and geography of the Torres Strait.

0:33

The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland, between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

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Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea. Darnley Island, also known as Erub, is the

0:44

largest volcanic island in the eastern Torres Strait, with a population of around 375. It

0:51

is surrounded by some of the deepest water in the world, known as the Darnley Deep.

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Though we are a seafaring people, 75% of Torres Strait Islanders today are living on the mainland.

1:02

This is because we were displaced from our island homes since colonisation.

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Life for Torres Strait Islanders has been an endurance test ever since colonisation.

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During the Second World War, hundreds of Torres Strait Islander men were shipped off from

1:15

their homes to fight for their country, of which they were still not citizens. Uncle

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Bill Sailor who has gone back to live on his land of Erub and remembers, all too well,

1:24

the war.

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So that was Johnny Harding talking about his home, the Torres Strait Islands.

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When we want to talk about a place, or where something is in relation to other places,

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we need to use function words called prepositions.

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Some common prepositions include in, on, near or between.

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Prepositions can also be made up of two or even three words, for example, next to, surrounded

1:56

by, or in front of.

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These are called prepositions of place.

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Listen for the prepositions of place in this clip.

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The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland, between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

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Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea.

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Now, let's go back over the clip and see if we can figure out where the Torres Strait

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is.

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Johnny says that the Torres Strait is situated above Queensland.

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Here's Queensland.

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The islands are situated above Queensland, and between the Arafura Sea and the Coral

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Sea, Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea.

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So the Torres Strait Islands can be found here:

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The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland, between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

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Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea.

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Learning how to use prepositions correctly can be difficult, because most of them have

2:59

more than one function.

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There are not many rules to help you choose correctly, so you need to learn each expression

3:06

separately.

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Look at the use of the prepositions in the following:

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Meet me at the front door of the department store in George Street on the corner.

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In English we say: