IELTS Preparation Series 1, Episode 9: ADHD
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Hello. I'm Margot Politis. Welcome to Study English, IELTS preparation.
Today we're going to talk about acronyms, abbreviations and names, and then we'll do
a bit of vocabulary building as well.
The boy in today's clip is about to have a test to see whether he has Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD.
While you're watching, listen for some other abbreviations.
How do you know if your child does have ADHD? An EEG brain scan helps answer that, say the
Jacques Duff is a psychologist and one of Richard's PhD students. A computer programme
will compare Xavier's brain scan with a database of scans of ADHD sufferers. If he does have
the condition, the ADHD diagnosis will be automatically triggered.
Xavier was having a test to see if he has ADHD.
ADHD is an abbreviation.
An abbreviation is the short form of a phrase or a word.
We often abbreviate phrases using the first letter of each word.
Notice that you use capitals letters for these types of abbreviations.
ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is much quicker and easier
to say, and to write.
You might recognise some of these common abbreviations:
UFO stands for Unidentified Flying Object
ASAP means As Soon As Possible
Other common abbreviations are:
PC, Personal Computer
TV for Television
and CD-ROM - that's a Compact Disc with a Read Only Memory!
Notice that each letter in the abbreviation is pronounced separately, but the last letter
is pronounced more strongly because it carries the primary stress.
So we say USA, ASAP, ABC, and TV.
Listen for another abbreviation here.
Jacques Duff is a psychologist and one of Richard's PhD students.
Jacques Duff is one of Richard's PhD students.
PhD stands for Doctor of Philosophy.
Another abbreviation you'll recognise is IELTS.
IELTS stands for International English Language Testing System.
This form of abbreviation is called an acronym. With an acronym, we don't pronounce the individual
letters, we pronounce it as a word.
So we say IELTS, not I - E - L - T - S.
Some other examples of acronyms are:
AIDS, that's Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
and RAM, Random Access Memory
Another example is ASEAN - that stands for the Association of South East Asian Nations.
There's one more common shortening in today's story. Listen for whether it's an abbreviation
or an acronym.
An EEG brain scan helps answer that, say the Swinburne researchers.
He says an EEG. That's an abbreviation. We don't pronounce it eeg, we say E-E-G.
EEG stands for Electro-Encephalograph.
That's a type of brain scan, but you can see why we shorten it to EEG.
Notice that in formal academic writing, it's necessary to write out an abbreviation in