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Fix Your English Grammar Mistakes: Talking about People

September 4, 2016

 

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0:02

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video,

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I am going to teach you about some mistakes a lot of students make.

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So, I've been teaching English for about five years now, and the

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mistakes I'm going to teach you today, I've seen students make many times in both their

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speaking, as well as their writing. Okay? So these mistakes are mistakes students make

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when they're talking about people.

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So, I'm going to give you some examples of some of these mistakes.

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The first one I want to show you: "Some Canadian people hate winter."

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It's true, I'm one of those people; I hate winter.

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So, "Some Canadian people hate winter." There's a mistake, here.

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I want you to take a moment to look, and think: What could the mistake be?

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"Some Canadian people hate winter."

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I'll give you a hint: The mistake is somewhere here. If you thought

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"people" is the mistake, you're correct. "Canadian people", it's redundant. We don't need the

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word "people", because "Canadian"... If we add an "s" here, this means "Canadian people".

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Okay? So, instead of saying "Canadian people", we would say "Canadians".

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"Some Canadians hate winter."

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It's the same if we wanted to talk about Americans. We would not say:

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"Some American people hate winter." We would prefer to say: "Some Americans"

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-with an "s"-"hate winter".

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So, let's look at another example. "Many Brazilian people are learning English." So, there's

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a mistake, here. What's the mistake? "Many Brazilian people are learning English." If

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you said the mistake was "people", you're correct. When we're talking about nationalities,

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we do not use the word "people". So, what can we do to fix this?

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We can get rid of the word "people", and what can we do to the word "Brazilian", because there's more than one?

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We can add an "s". So, now it's: "Many Brazilians are learning English." Okay?

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So, I'm going to give you another example, this time not on the board, but I'm just going

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to say it. "Many Asian people like spicy food.", "Many Asian people like spicy food." Now,

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how would you fix this sentence? If you said:

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"Many Asians like spicy food." you'd be correct.

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So, when we talk about nationalities, we do not need this word; this word is a waste of

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space. We just need the nationality with an "s".

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So, I have another common mistake students make over here: "Muslim people". So, Muslim

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is a religion. Okay? "Muslim people fast"-"fast" means they don't eat-"during Ramadan".

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"Muslim people fast during Ramadan." It means Muslim people do not eat during their holy month,

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their religious month of Ramadan. So, there's a mistake, here.

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What do you think the mistake is?

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If you said, just like this, "people" is the mistake - you're correct. When we talk

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about religion and we're talking about Muslims, Christians, Jews, Hindus - you don't need

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the word "people". We could just change this to: "Muslims". So, "Muslim" here means a whole...

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All Muslims, it's like Muslim people, but we don't need the word "people".

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Here's another example: "Christian people celebrate Easter.",

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"Christian people celebrate Easter." How can we fix this sentence?

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We can get rid of the word "people", and just

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add an "s". We can do the same thing for Hindus. "Hindus are often vegetarian", we could say.

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"Many Jews live in Israel.", "Many Buddhists live in Asia." Okay? So, instead of saying:

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"Jewish people", "Hindu people", it's easier just to say "Hindu" with an "s" or "Jews"

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with an "s". All right, so let's look at some other common mistakes students make.

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Okay, so another mistake I often see students make in their writing especially, and also

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sometimes in their speaking is with "most", "some", and "a lot" when they're using these

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words with "people". Okay? So, the first example: "Most of people have cell phones these days."

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I see students use: "Most of people" a lot in their essays. So, what's the mistake, here?

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I'll give you a minute to think about it. "Most of people".

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The problem here is "of".

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Okay? We don't need "of"; "of" is incorrect here. We would just say: "Most people".

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"Most people have cell phones these days." Okay? "Most people love Chinese food.",

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"Most people like to play sports." You don't need "of". If you had: "Most of the people", that would

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be okay, but you need "the" here, although that's not as common. You know, that actually

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gets a little bit more into complicated grammar, so the easy rule... Okay? The easy rule is

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just don't use "of": "Most people". Okay?

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What about the next one? "Some of people enjoy watching movies.",

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"Some of people like going shopping." What's the mistake, here?

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If you said "of" is the mistake, again, you're right.

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It's just like: "Most of". We don't say: "Some of", we say "Some people".

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"Some people stay up really late.", "Some people enjoy learning English."

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Okay? So, a lot of people enjoy

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learning English, I guess. Okay, so, again, "of" is the problem.

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Now, here's where it gets a little bit strange. So, we have the rule "Most people", "Some people".

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Can we say: "A lot people"? "A lot people study English"?

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No, that would be incorrect.

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With the word "a lot", you do need the word "of". Okay? So that's why it's a little bit

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challenging, because for "most", we don't need it; for "some", we don't need it; but

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for "a lot", we do need it. "A lot of people study English.",

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"A lot of people like listening to music." Okay?

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So, when you're writing, be very careful with this. I want you to always

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look at your writing, double check it, and make sure you don't have "of" after "most"

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or "some", and you do have "of" after "a lot". Okay?

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So, let's look at another common mistake I see.

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Okay, so another common mistake I see students make is with the words:

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"Every people", "everybody", "everyone", "all people", "all person".

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Okay? These are a lot of common mistakes I hear. So, let's look at some of them

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so you can see what I'm talking about.

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The first sentence:

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"Every people should get an education." Is this sentence okay?

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"Every people should get an education."

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If you think it's not okay, and of course if it's on this board it probably

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is a mistake, why do you think it's a mistake?

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The issue here is with the words "every" and "people".

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These words don't go together. Okay? What we could say instead of "every people",

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we can use the words "everybody" or we can also use the words "everyone". So we can say...

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Write this a bit better. "Everyone". Or: "Every person", okay? So, "every" should go with

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a singular, like: "everybody", "everyone", "Every person should get an education.", but

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we don't usually say "every people". Okay?

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Another example of a mistake: "All person need water to survive."

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So, take a moment and think about: What do you think the mistake here is?

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"All person need water to survive."

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Okay, this is the opposite mistake of this. When we have the word "all" and we're talking

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about people, we usually don't use the word "person", we use the word "people". Okay?

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So, you can imagine this, like... A couple. Okay? "Every" is the boyfriend, "body" is

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the girlfriend. Okay? Or "everyone", okay? These two go together. Similarly, down here,

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"all person" never go together. We have "all" as one, "people". So it's just memorizing

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which words go with which words. "All people need water to survive.",

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"All people need to breathe." Okay?

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"All people should have their rights respected."

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Okay? So, just some examples.

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Okay, here's another example of a mistake a lot of students make: "People likes my cooking."

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Okay? So, what's the mistake here?

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Well, one mistake is nobody likes my cooking-okay?-so

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that's the first one. People don't like my cooking. But the real... The grammar mistake

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is with the verb, "likes". A lot of students, when they see people, they think, you know,

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people... It's many, so they like to add an "s" here. It shouldn't be that way. It should

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actually just be: "People like". Okay? So it's kind of like: "They like", "People like",

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so imagine "People" as "They". The subject-verb agreement should be without an "s".

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"People need to eat.", "People like shopping.", "People play sports."

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So, if you use... If you use the word "people", there's no "s" on the verb.

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Okay, and then the final mistake I see a lot: "Everybody like my cooking."

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What's the mistake here?

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Okay, so it's similar to what the mistake is here: "Everybody", in this case, we need

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an "s" because of subject-verb agreement.

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"Everybody likes my cooking." Okay?

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So, "Everybody", you always need an "s" on the verb if you're talking, like, in the present;

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whereas for "people", there is no "s".

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So, be very, very careful with these different mistakes. Again, you know, it's really important

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to think about which words "every" goes with, which ones "all" go with, that "people" never

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has an "s", and that "everybody" does have an "s". Okay? So, check your own writing.

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I really encourage that, if you're writing essays, if you're writing some sort of...

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Something for your teacher. It's always good to take a minute and look for these specific

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mistakes, because many, many students make these mistakes, so just take a moment to check

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your work, and make sure you're not making these mistakes.

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I hope you've enjoyed this video. I also hope you come visit our website at www.engvid.com.

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There, you can see a lot more videos on all sorts of things,

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from vocabulary, to grammar, to pronunciation.

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I also hope you subscribe to my channel.

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And until next time, take care.

 

 

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