IELTS Reading strategies: True, False, Not Given
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Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to be looking at the IELTS, that
scary test a lot of you have to do. We're going to look at, specifically, one type of
reading question for the academic reading. So this isn't for the general; it's for the
academic reading. We're going to talk about the question that has to do with "true, false,
or not given". So this is a specific question. It may or may not be on your test, but I think,
personally, this is one of the most difficult questions on the reading section of the IELTS.
So I'm going to give you some tips and strategies on how to do well on this section. Okay, so
let's get started. In this section, what you are going to find
is a reading passage. So you will have a long passage on maybe cybercrime, maybe food security,
on the history of the Internet -- it can be on anything. After the passage, there will
be some statements, some facts, okay? What you need to do is you need to say if the fact
matches -- if it's true based on the reading, if it's false based on the reading, or if
the information is not given in the reading. So I will explain "true", "false", "not given"
in detail in just a minute. Okay. What else to know about the "true, false, or not given"?
Another important thing about this question is we're not talking about the question that
has to do with the writer's opinion. There's a very similar question on the IELTS that
asks about the writer's opinion. That's the "yes, no, not given". This is only on "true,
false, not given", not "yes, no, not given". Just -- hopefully, that will clear up any
confusion. Okay. So let's get started. What do they mean by "true" in these questions?
When would you write "true"? I will show you. You can write "true" or "T". "T" is shorter.
If there is a fact and it is clearly written, you write "T". If the fact is clearly written
in the reading, you would write "T". You'll often see synonyms, and, again, write "T"
only if you actually see this fact written. If you know the fact is true, but it's not
written, don't write "true". Only write "true" if, with your eyes, you read it, and you see
it in the fact. You see it in the reading; write "true". So I'll give you an example
of this type of question. Here is just a part of a passage. The reading
is a lot longer, but here is a short version that you might find on the IELTS. "This increase
in cybercrime has alarmed many experts." So it would be a long passage. You might see
something like that. And then, at the end of the reading, one of the statements you
might see might say, "Cyber crime is on the rise." You need to say if this is "true",
"false", or "not given". So how do you know if it's "true", "false", or "not given"?
My advice to you is first, read the statement: "Cyber crime is on the rise"; underline any
key words. "Cyber crime" -- this is a keyword. "is on the 'rise'" -- that's a keyword, okay?
Then you go back to the reading passage, and you quickly scan for these words or synonyms.
What are "synonyms"? "Synonyms" are words that mean the same thing but are different
words. So what is a synonym of "rise"? "Increase", "go up", okay? So let's see if we can find
"cyber crime" or "rise". So I would scan the passage -- oh, the word "increase", "cybercrime".