IELTS Writing: Numbers and Pie Charts
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Hi there. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to talk
a lot about the IELTS test, specifically writing task one.
I'm going to teach you about a certain thing
you might see on the IELTS, and that's a pie chart. I'm going to explain what a pie chart
is, and ways to talk about pie charts in order to improve your vocabulary mark for the IELTS.
Many students get really, really confused when they see graphs on the IELTS, and they
get really confused trying to talk about numbers, specifically. So, in this video, I'm also
going to talk about: How do we describe numbers when we're looking at pie charts?
How do we describe percentages? You know, and how can we
make our vocabulary very varied? Okay?
So, let's get started.
The first thing I want to do is talk about: What is a pie chart?
So, I have here three different types of graphs.
Three different graphs you might see on the IELTS, in the
writing section, in the very first part of the writing section. Okay? You might see a
picture like this, like this, or like this. So, one of these looks like a pie, something
you eat. Which one do you think looks the most like pie?
If you said this one, you are correct.
This is what we are going to be talking about today. We can call it either a "pie chart"
or a "pie graph". Both are correct. You might also see this one, this one is called
a line graph; or you might see this, which is called a bar graph.
So, let me write that on the board. So, "pie chart", "line graph", and "bar graph".
You might also see a process,
a diagram, or maybe even a table on the IELTS. But for today, we are only going to be focusing
on pie charts.
Okay, so what is a pie chart? A pie chart shows us percentages. Okay? So, if we look
down here, I have here what I spend my money on. Okay? I want you to imagine each month,
all the money I make, all my salary, this is what I spend it on.
I spend some of it on rent, I spend some of it on food,
I spend some of it on transport or transportation,
and I spend some of it on fun. Okay? So, on the IELTS, you might have to describe something
like this. It might be more complicated. Sometimes you might actually have two pie graphs or
pie charts that you might have to compare and describe, but in this case, let's start
out a little bit easier.
So, I want you to imagine you're writing the IELTS, and you've been told to describe this
pie chart. What are you going to say about it? Okay?
Well, the very first thing you should do is you should think about: What does it all mean?
And by that, I mean: Think about
how much percent is each thing? Okay? So, for example, for cost of living, how much
is this? What size does this look like? Although we can't be sure, because I'm not the best
artist and this is not a perfect circle, I would say this is about 50%.
Okay? And this, what does it look like to you? Maybe 25%.
So, food is around 25%. Transport we might
say... Let's say 15%.
And fun, maybe 10%. Although, we're not sure. So, on the IELTS
you might see something like this. You might actually have the percentages written, so