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Tương Lai Tươi Sáng Là Sẻ Chia

Between or Among?


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Xem lời thoại dưới đây:

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Hi there. My name is Emma. Today, we have a very exciting lesson for you, a very exciting

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grammar lesson. I know some of you are probably thinking, "Can grammar really be that exciting?"

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I think yes, yes, it can. We're going to be looking at the difference between "among",

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"amongst", and "between".

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What we're going to do is, first, we're going to look at how teachers often tell you what

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the difference is. I'm going to call this the simple difference between "among" and

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"between". Then we're going to look at when this simple difference rule doesn't work.

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We're going to look at the rule, and then we're going to look at when the rule doesn't

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work. Let's get started.

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A lot of teachers, and you may have heard this before, they often say that we use "between"

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when we're talking about two of something; maybe two people, two items, two animals,

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two objects. We use "among" when we're talking about three or more items. Again, it can be

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people, objects. This is what a lot of teachers say. In general, this rule does work, but

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again, there are many exceptions to this rule, which I will talk about in the second part

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of this video.

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Let's look at the first sentence, which is an example. "The bill was split between Frank

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and Mark." We have two people, so this is okay. "...between Frank and Mark". "The bill

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was split", meaning... when you go to a restaurant, at the end of your dinner they give you a

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piece of paper and it might say $40 -- this is how much you have to pay. What Frank and

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Mark did is they split the bill "between" them, meaning Frank paid some and Mark paid

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some.

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A second example: "Between you and me, I think Jane should tell her mom the truth."

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What does this mean? Again, there are two of us; you and me. Often times we use "between" to

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say "let's keep this a secret between us." "Between you and me, I think Jane should tell

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her mom the truth." You may have noticed I underlined "me" in red marker. Some people,

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especially native speakers, think this is "I". They think "Between you and I, I think

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Jane should tell her mom the truth." This is in fact incorrect. Because "between" is

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a preposition, it should be "me" after, but you will hear a lot of people say, "between

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you and I". You'll hear it all the time. It's not grammatically correct.

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In our third example, we're using "among". "Among the books, I saw an old photo." Books

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-- there're more than two in this case. It might not be clear, but I'm talking about

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more than two books. Another sentence: "I walked among the trees."

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Now we're going to look at when this rule, two items versus three+ items, does not apply,

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when this rule doesn't work.

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If you look over here, we have "between", "between", and "between". On this side, we

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have "among", "among", and "among". What do you notice about these sentences? Take a second

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to read them. "I must choose between U of T, UBC, and McMaster University." Are there

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two items in that sentence? No, there're three items, and yet, we use "between". Same with

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the next one: "There was