Describing people in English: BE or BEING?
(Bấm vào đây để chọn bài học kế tiếp)
Xem lời thoại dưới đây:
Hi there. My name is Emma, and in today's video I am going to teach you the difference
between "be" and "being" when we are talking about people. Okay?
So, I'm going to show you some sentences.
The first one: "The boy is naughty."
So "naughty" is like a bad boy.
And the second one: "The boy is being naughty."
What is the difference in this...? These two sentences? What is...? Like, just looking at the grammar,
what is something that you notice? Well, you probably notice this is the only thing that's different.
"The boy is naughty.", "The boy is being naughty." Okay? Now, one of these has to do with behaviour.
The other one has to do with personality. Okay? So, if we look at: "The boy is naughty."
what we really are saying is the boy is usually bad. It's a part of his personality. It's
his feelings. He's... He's a bad boy, it's who he is. He's a naughty boy. That's a little
bit different than: "The boy is being naughty." In this case, we're just looking at a behaviour
or an action. The boy is usually a good boy, maybe. Maybe he... You know, he usually does
what his parents tell him to, he listens to his teachers, he's a good boy, but that one
day he is acting a certain way, his actions are naughty, his behaviour is naughty. The
boy is being naughty. So, again, the difference is this is more about the boy... It's his
personality type, and this is usually a temporary behaviour. Okay? It's not forever; it's just
right now he's acting that way, but it's not who he is. So let's look at some other examples.
"You are rude." Okay? Not you personally, but just an example. "You are rude." "Rude",
for those of you who don't know, means not polite. So a person who's not polite is a
rude person. Okay? If I say: "You are rude." I'm saying it's your personality. You're usually
rude. You're a very rude person. It means this is who you are. Now, compare that to:
"You are being rude." In this case, you're not usually a rude person; you're quite a
polite person, maybe. But in this situation, your behaviour in this moment is rude. Okay?
So, again, this is who you are; and this is your behaviour in a specific situation.
So I'll give you an example. Okay? You know, I know someone who is always... Well, no,
I don't actually know somebody. But imagine if there's somebody who's always picking their
nose. We could say: "Ugh, that guy's rude. He's so rude." But if he, I guess does it
once... Okay? If it's just a behaviour that happens only one time, you could say:
"He's being rude." He's not always rude; it's just this one time.
Here's another example: "He is a smartass." Versus: "He is being a smartass."
A smartass is a person who tries to be funny, but they do it in kind of a not nice way. So it's almost
like not-nice funny. So if you think about when you were a kid, maybe there were some
smartasses in your class, those were the kids who always said things that made the teacher
very angry. Okay? So those people are smartassess, they purposely try to make people angry.
So if you say: "He is a smartass." it just means that's his character. He's usually this way,
this is how he is. If you say: "He is being a smartass."
it means maybe just this one time.
It's his behaviour in this moment, but it's not usual for him. It's just right now.
So let's do some work on this together, let's do some examples together.
Okay, so now let's do some examples together. The first sentence I have:
"I was careful when I drove." So when I drive a car, I'm careful.
"I was careful when I drove."