Engligh Grammar: How to use "to" before an "-ing" verb
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Hi there. My name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about
something many students wonder about, and that is when we use "to" and "ing" together.
Okay, so for example... Yeah: "What???" Many students, when they see this, it "poof" their minds;
they have no idea: What is this? It goes against all the rules they've learned. So I'm going
to explain to you when this happens, and how we can use it. So, let's look at some examples.
This is the most common example of this you will see:
"I look forward to meeting you."
Notice we have our verb: "look forward", and then we have this little guy, here, "to",
and then we also have "ing". Okay?
So, in this case, it's very strange. We're going
to learn about why this is in a moment, but before we do that, I want to tell you some
of the basic rules so you can understand, first off: What am I talking about with "ing",
and what am I talking about with "to"?
So let's look at the basic rules. This is all about when you have two verbs in a sentence.
For example: "thank" is the first verb, and "help" is the second verb. Okay?
What you will notice in English, the first rule is:
Any time you have a preposition between the first verb and the second,
you're going to use "ing". A preposition is a word like "for",
"to", "about", "toward", "up", "down", "in", "out", all of these words that kind of tell
us where something is located, these are called "prepositions". So, whenever you see a preposition
after a verb, this next verb is going to end in "ing".
So our example here: "I thank you for helping me."
Similarly, we have our verb: "interested", "I'm interested", so this is the verb. And
we have a second verb: "learn". So, if we have a preposition after the first verb:
"I'm interested in", you're going to see that the second verb is going to end in "ing".
"I'm interested in learning English."
So we don't say: "I'm interested in to learn English."
Similarly, we don't say: "I thank you to help me."
If you have a preposition like "for",
"in", "out", you are going to have the second verb with "ing".
Okay, some verbs... These are verbs without prepositions.
If we have two verbs and there's
no preposition between them, they will be either verb with a second verb ending in "ing",
or a verb plus the second verb beginning in "to".
So let's look at some examples so you understand what I'm talking about.
Okay, I have here the verb "enjoy". Here's my first verb.
Think of a second verb we can use. Let's say "eat".