How to talk about children: Common Expressions
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Hi there. My name is Emma, and today we are going to do a vocabulary lesson, and we're
going to talk about children and childhood. So this vocabulary lesson is very good for
anyone who has children, anyone who knows children, who talk about children, and also
people who are doing the TOEFL and the IELTS exam. And the reason for the TOEFL and the
IELTS exam is for some of the questions, they may ask you maybe in the essay or in the speaking
part to talk about your childhood, or if you have children, to talk about your children.
So this vocabulary lesson can help you to get a higher score on the vocabulary component,
because you'll be using a little bit more challenging words and they will recognize that.
So let's get started. Sorry about the siren, guys. Okay. So, a common grammatical mistake
people make is they don't know when to use "child" and when to use "children". So, first
of all, "child" means one; one kid, one child. "Children" is two... Or sorry, "children",
two or more. Okay. So, my friend has three children. My other friend has just one child.
Another thing I want you to note is the meaning of "childhood". So when we talk about "childhood",
we're talking about a period of time. A period of time when we were young, that's our childhood.
So the childhood is the period of time when you're a child.
All right, so let's look at some different types... Some of the different stages of childhood
and the terms we use for those. So, first of all, we have "infant". Okay? "Infant" is
a noun, and it's a synonym of "baby". It's just sort of like a higher way to say "baby".
"Infants tend to cry a lot." Just an example sentence of the word "infant".
So, after infant, the baby will get a bit bigger and it will become a "toddler". So,
a toddler, this is a noun, and it's usually around the ages of 1 to 2 years old. It's
a child who are... Who is between these ages. And usually toddlers, they're able to walk,
and they can talk. They say not maybe full sentences, but you know, they're about 1 to
2 years old. So we use the term "toddler" for this age.
Now, similar to toddler, we also sometimes talk about "the terrible twos". So this is
a common English expression, and we use it when we're talking about toddlers, because
toddlers often scream, they often cry, they often fight, maybe kick or hit, and so as
a result, parents often call this period of time: "The Terrible Twos". So, here's an example:
"When children hit the terrible twos, they cry a lot." Okay? Although I hear the terrible
twos really aren't that terrible, for parents who, you know, your children are growing,
maybe it won't be such a bad time.
Okay, next we have "pre-teen". So I've skipped a lot between here. You'll see that we've
jumped from 2 to 9-13. And the reason for that is, in general, after about 2 years old,
we just usually use the term "children", "child", "kid". You can also use the age, too. I have
an 8-year-old kid. I have a 3 year old. I have a 4 year old. So that's what we usually
use for the ages between 2 and 9.
So, after that, we get to pre-teen. So, "pre" means before. So before teenage years. This