Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE
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Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you the four futures. Okay?
A lot of you know two futures, I think. A lot of you probably know "will" and "going to".
I'm going to teach you two more futures today, and teach you how they're different
from one another. Okay?
So let's get started with the present continuous future. So the present continuous is when
you have "be" verb, so "I am", "you are", "he is", "she is", "they are", I don't know
if I said "we are", "we are" plus the verb and "ing". Okay? So we have "am", the verb,
"ing". This is known as the present continuous. It's usually one of the first things you will
learn when you're learning English. So a lot of you know the present continuous, and you
think: "Oh, present continuous, it's taking place now." You're right, but we can also
use it to talk about the future. We use the present continuous to talk about future that
is going to happen very, very soon.
So, for example, if you ask me: "Emma, what are you doing this weekend?" Well:
"I'm hanging out with my friend, Josh, this weekend." Okay?
Or I might say: "I'm shopping this weekend.",
"I'm studying this weekend." If you ask me: "What are you doing tonight?" Well, you know,
I want to be a good student, so: -"I'm studying tonight. I'm studying tonight."
-"What are you doing next week?" -"Well, next week...
I'm working next week." Okay? So present continuous
is very, very common for when we're talking about the future that's going to happen soon.
Not future that's going to happen 2,000 years from now or 50 years from now - no, no, that's
far future. We're talking about the future that's going to happen in the next couple
of days. Okay? So very, very soon future.
We can also use the simple present to talk about the future. So, the simple present is
when you take a verb and, you know, it's in the basic form, usually you add an "s". If
it's third-person singular, for example: "I leave", "you leave", "he leaves", "she leaves",
"they leave", "we leave". So this is all simple present. In your classes, you probably learned
we use the simple present when we talk about routine. We can also use the simple present
when we're talking about routines in the future. Okay? So, for example... And by this I mean
timetables. We use this when we're talking about a schedule event; something that is
scheduled to happen in the future. So, this usually has to do with when we're talking
about transportation; trains, airplanes, we can use this tense. We can use it when we're
talking about TV shows. We can use it when we're talking about restaurants opening and
closing, or stores, when they open and close. So we use this when we're thinking about a
schedule or a timetable.
So here are some examples: "The last train leaves at 6pm today."
So 6pm hasn't happened yet. It's in the future,
but because this is a schedule event, it's a timetable event,
it's a schedule, we can use the simple present. Here's another example:
"The restaurant opens at 5pm today."
So this hasn't happened yet. Right now, it is 2pm. This is going to happen
in the future. But still, I use the simple present because this is a schedule. Okay?
Every day the restaurant opens at 5pm.
Here's a third example, I like watching TV, imagine