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Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE


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Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you the four futures. Okay?

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A lot of you know two futures, I think. A lot of you probably know "will" and "going to".

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I'm going to teach you two more futures today, and teach you how they're different

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from one another. Okay?

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So let's get started with the present continuous future. So the present continuous is when

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you have "be" verb, so "I am", "you are", "he is", "she is", "they are", I don't know

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if I said "we are", "we are" plus the verb and "ing". Okay? So we have "am", the verb,

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"ing". This is known as the present continuous. It's usually one of the first things you will

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learn when you're learning English. So a lot of you know the present continuous, and you

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think: "Oh, present continuous, it's taking place now." You're right, but we can also

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use it to talk about the future. We use the present continuous to talk about future that

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is going to happen very, very soon.

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So, for example, if you ask me: "Emma, what are you doing this weekend?" Well:

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"I'm hanging out with my friend, Josh, this weekend." Okay?

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Or I might say: "I'm shopping this weekend.",

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"I'm studying this weekend." If you ask me: "What are you doing tonight?" Well, you know,

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I want to be a good student, so: -"I'm studying tonight. I'm studying tonight."

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-"What are you doing next week?" -"Well, next week...

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I'm working next week." Okay? So present continuous

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is very, very common for when we're talking about the future that's going to happen soon.

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Not future that's going to happen 2,000 years from now or 50 years from now - no, no, that's

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far future. We're talking about the future that's going to happen in the next couple

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of days. Okay? So very, very soon future.

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We can also use the simple present to talk about the future. So, the simple present is

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when you take a verb and, you know, it's in the basic form, usually you add an "s". If

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it's third-person singular, for example: "I leave", "you leave", "he leaves", "she leaves",

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"they leave", "we leave". So this is all simple present. In your classes, you probably learned

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we use the simple present when we talk about routine. We can also use the simple present

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when we're talking about routines in the future. Okay? So, for example... And by this I mean

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timetables. We use this when we're talking about a schedule event; something that is

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scheduled to happen in the future. So, this usually has to do with when we're talking

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about transportation; trains, airplanes, we can use this tense. We can use it when we're

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talking about TV shows. We can use it when we're talking about restaurants opening and

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closing, or stores, when they open and close. So we use this when we're thinking about a

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schedule or a timetable.

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