TTLS

quy hoc bong ttls

Tương Lai Tươi Sáng Là Sẻ Chia

Learn English Tenses: 4 ways to talk about the FUTURE


(Bấm vào đây để chọn bài học kế tiếp)

Xem lời thoại dưới đây:

0:01

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you the four futures. Okay?

0:09

A lot of you know two futures, I think. A lot of you probably know "will" and "going to".

0:17

I'm going to teach you two more futures today, and teach you how they're different

0:21

from one another. Okay?

0:23

So let's get started with the present continuous future. So the present continuous is when

0:31

you have "be" verb, so "I am", "you are", "he is", "she is", "they are", I don't know

0:42

if I said "we are", "we are" plus the verb and "ing". Okay? So we have "am", the verb,

0:53

"ing". This is known as the present continuous. It's usually one of the first things you will

0:59

learn when you're learning English. So a lot of you know the present continuous, and you

1:04

think: "Oh, present continuous, it's taking place now." You're right, but we can also

1:11

use it to talk about the future. We use the present continuous to talk about future that

1:18

is going to happen very, very soon.

1:21

So, for example, if you ask me: "Emma, what are you doing this weekend?" Well:

1:28

"I'm hanging out with my friend, Josh, this weekend." Okay?

1:33

Or I might say: "I'm shopping this weekend.",

1:37

"I'm studying this weekend." If you ask me: "What are you doing tonight?" Well, you know,

1:44

I want to be a good student, so: -"I'm studying tonight. I'm studying tonight."

1:52

-"What are you doing next week?" -"Well, next week...

1:56

I'm working next week." Okay? So present continuous

2:01

is very, very common for when we're talking about the future that's going to happen soon.

2:08

Not future that's going to happen 2,000 years from now or 50 years from now - no, no, that's

2:14

far future. We're talking about the future that's going to happen in the next couple

2:19

of days. Okay? So very, very soon future.

2:23

We can also use the simple present to talk about the future. So, the simple present is

2:31

when you take a verb and, you know, it's in the basic form, usually you add an "s". If

2:37

it's third-person singular, for example: "I leave", "you leave", "he leaves", "she leaves",

2:46

"they leave", "we leave". So this is all simple present. In your classes, you probably learned

2:54

we use the simple present when we talk about routine. We can also use the simple present

3:00

when we're talking about routines in the future. Okay? So, for example... And by this I mean

3:06

timetables. We use this when we're talking about a schedule event; something that is

3:13

scheduled to happen in the future. So, this usually has to do with when we're talking

3:20

about transportation; trains, airplanes, we can use this tense. We can use it when we're

3:27

talking about TV shows. We can use it when we're talking about restaurants opening and

3:32

closing, or stores, when they open and close. So we use this when we're thinking about a

3:37

schedule or a timetable.

3:40

So here are some examples: "The last train leaves at 6pm today."

3:46

So 6pm hasn't happened yet. It's in the future,

3:50

but because this is a schedule event, it's a timetable event,

3:55

it's a schedule, we can use the simple present. Here's another example:

4:02

"The restaurant opens at 5pm today."

4:07

So this hasn't happened yet. Right now, it is 2pm. This is going to happen

4:11

in the future. But still, I use the simple present because this is a schedule. Okay?

4:19

Every day the restaurant opens at 5pm.

4:24

Here's a third example, I like watching TV, imagine

4:29

I like The Big Bang Theory: "My TV show, The Big Bang Theory, starts at 4pm." So again,

4:38

it's a routine, it's a schedule that takes place in the future, but it's still a schedule

4:43

so we can use the simple present here. All right, so these two, even though they're present

4:50

tenses, they can be used for the future.

4:53

Now let's look at the two verbs we commonly use for the future or we commonly think of

5:00

as future verbs. "Be going to" + a verb and "will". So, "be going to" + verb:

5:09

"I'm going to study.", "I'm going to sleep.",

5:16

"You are going to watch a video." Okay? These are examples

5:21

of the "be going to" + verb future.

5:26

So we use this when we're talking about the near future.

5:29

Similar to this... So it's not a future that's very, very far away; it's soon, but

5:35

it's a future where we think something is going to happen, and we have evidence that

5:42

something is going to happen.

5:44

So, for example: "I'm going to study English next month in Canada."

5:50

This means you probably have your ticket already bought, you're pretty sure about this.

5:55

There's not a lot of confusion.

5:58

This is almost going to happen almost certainly. So you're pretty sure about this.

6:03

"I'm going to study English next month."

6:06

Another example, imagine I watch the weather station. Okay?

6:12

And the meteorologist has predicted the weather, but it's a very good prediction because we

6:20

see these clouds in the sky, there's a lot of evidence it's going to rain. Because there's

6:26

evidence, we could use this tense and we could say:

6:29

"It's going to rain all week."

6:31

So this is based... It's in the near future, but it's based on some sort of evidence. This is likely

6:37

to happen, and we're pretty sure it's going to happen. We have some evidence that makes

6:42

us think it's going to happen.

6:44

So this is a bit different from "will", which is one of the maybe easier futures to think

6:50

about. We use "will" + a verb.

6:54

For example: "I will always love you.",

6:57

"I will study hard.",

6:59

"I will do my taxes on time."

7:01

Okay? So we use "will" + a verb when we're talking, first

7:06

of all, in the far future. So this is all soon. This is very soon; whereas this, is

7:14

very far. So for example:

7:18

"In 50 years, everyone will speak Chinese."

7:24

We use this also when we're not so sure about something.

7:28

This is my prediction, but I don't have much evidence

7:31

of this. I'm not very, very sure, so I will use "will" because I'm not sure; whereas if

7:38

I'm very sure, there's a lot of evidence, I know it's going to happen, I do "be going to".

7:45

So this one, there's not a lot of evidence, and it's a prediction we don't have evidence for.

7:53

Another example: "Aliens will invade Earth." Okay? In 25 years, aliens are coming,

8:01

they will invade the Earth. I don't mean to scare you. Luckily, I'm using "will", which

8:08

means I'm not really sure. If I said to you: "This week, aliens are invading the Earth",

8:15

you'd be very scared. If I said: "Aliens are going to invade the Earth. I know this. I

8:20

have secret government documents." I'd be using this, and you'd be scared, too. But

8:25

with "will", it's "will" so you don't have to be scared. It might not happen.

8:31

We also use "will" when we're making promises. Okay? So if somebody ever gets down on their

8:39

knee, and says:

8:40

-"Emma, will you marry me?"

8:43

-"I will marry you."

8:45

It means I'm promising to marry you.

8:48

Okay? Or maybe I don't really like the person, I might say:

8:51

"I won't marry you."

8:54

"Won't" is the negative form of "will". So I promise not to marry you.

9:02

I don't know in your culture, but in Canadian culture and many Western cultures, for New

9:07

Years, we always make these resolutions. We think: "Oh..." When it's New Years, when it's

9:13

January 1st, we make some sort of promise to our self that we're never going to do something

9:19

again, or we're going to start doing something. We normally use "will" for these. So, for

9:25

example, maybe you have had too many beers, and you're thinking:

9:31

"I don't want to ever drink again",

9:33

you might make a promise to yourself:

9:35

"I won't drink again. I will never drink again."

9:39

Okay? Or maybe you want to stop smoking:

9:42

"I will never smoke again. I will never do this again."

9:46

Okay? Maybe your parents are angry at you because, you know, you did

9:51

really bad on a test:

9:53

"I promise I will work harder, I will study harder."

9:58

So these are promises. We use "will" for promise.

10:01

Finally, we also use "will" for volunteering. Okay? When we want to volunteer for something,

10:10

we want to offer our help. We want to help someone, we can use "will". So, for example:

10:17

-"Emma, can you clean the dishes?" -"I'll do it."

10:20

-"Emma, can you vacuum the floor?"

10:22

-"Sure. I'll vacuum.",

10:26

"I'll get the telephone.",

10:28

"I'll help you with your homework.",

10:29

"I'll help you learn English."

10:32

I'm volunteering, and so I use "I will". Okay?

10:36

So just to recap, just to quickly go over everything:

10:40

there are four futures I'm teaching you today.

10:43

Present continuous can be used as the future if it's very soon.

10:48

Simple present can be used for the future if it's a routine or schedule,

10:54

something that's like... If you

10:56

look at a schedule in the future, we can use the simple present.

11:00

We can use "be going to"

11:02

if we're talking about the near future and some kind of plan that... Or prediction we

11:08

have evidence for. We are pretty certain it's going to happen. And then we can use "will"

11:14

and a verb for the far future for a promise or when we want to volunteer for something.

11:21

Okay?

11:22

So, there you have it, four futures.

11:24

I invite you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com.

11:28

There, you can actually practice these on our quiz.

11:33

I hope you will do it soon.

11:37

I hope, actually... I hope you're doing it today or tomorrow.

11:42

Okay? So until next time, take care.

11:45

I wish you the best of luck.

11:47

And good day, sir.

#II42learnenglishhowto

         TTLS Blog